,'t/r,'-, RESEARCH LIBRARIES
33433 05878132 3
This "0-P Book" Is an Authorized Reprint of the
Original Edition, Produced by Microfilm-Xerography by
University Microfilms, Inc., Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1965
HISTORIC FAMILIES OF AMERICA.
PORTSMOUTH, RHODE ISLAND,
JORIS JANSSEN DERAPAUE,
FORT ORANGE (ALBANY),
NEW AMSTERDAM AND BROOKLYN,
CHAKLKS UNOIBUBV MILLKX,
nPHE gathering of modern information for this work and
'' the collection of matter from the ancestral records
of the Almy family, was begun a few years since by
Mrs. Polly Ann Almy- Miller, of Washington, D. C. To
this the late Rear-Admiral Almy contributed valuable
historic incidents, while further research and compilation
of the material was completed by the publisher.
In the preparation of this book numerous authorities
have been consulted and proper credit accorded to them.
The genealogical record, though not complete, is
composed of facts gleaned from public and historic doc-
uments, and will be, it is hoped, of value to members of
the Almy and Rapalj^ families who desire to trace their
direct lineage back to William Almy, 1630, or to Joris
Janssen de Rapalje, 1623.
c. k. M.
riVB HUMOilD AND rOKTY-rOUB
NOBTH 6TATC bT.— LINCOLN PARK-
CHICAGO, APRIL PirTKENTH,
BIOHTBEN HUNDRED AMD MIMITV iiBVBN.
i.. . I.- , : .
ni5T0RIC FAMILIES OP AMERiCA.
'T'HE enviroamenti and circumstances which afiect the
happiness and comfort of man, moulds and develops
his nature, and history, which is his handiwork, must be
fashioned according to the capacity of the men who make
it. Thus it is that we constantly find the same names, or
variations of the same names, recurring through genera-
tions as taking prominent places in history; and as the
muscle is developed by use, so are certain qualities of the
mind transmitted from generation to generation, vary-
ing according to the ever changing circumstances which
6 The Almy Family.
surround us and are incidental to our planetary system.
In every great crisis, in all the marked events
of history, there always arises from the masses a man,
or men, who becoming leaders, stamp their impress
indelibly upon their followers and surroundings, and im-
mortalize their names.
Originally from France, from whence he fled to escape
the dangers of proscription, Almy seems to have been a
'•leader of men," for we find him among those intrepid
Norman followers of William the Conqueror, the majority
of whom were knights, and all of whom were soldiers.
He was probably in the train of Hugh d'Avaranches, Earl
of Chester, better known as " Hugh the Wolf," who crossed
the Dee, invaded North Wales, made himself master of a
part of Flintshire, built the castle of Rhuddlan, and pre-
pared the way for the final subjugation of the Welsh, a
project the Normans never abandoned until it was com-
pleted two centuries later by Edward I.
Having settled himself in Wales, the Earl of Chester
apportioned the conquered lands among his Norman
followers, and this, perhaps, will account for the appear-
ance of the leek, the national emblem of Wales, upon the
Almy crest, which was conferred by the King of England
The Almy Family,
for an act of personal bravery and gallantry, during the
crusades. He was one of those heroic and intrepid
soldiers, who so valiantly, on the retaking of Jerusalem
from the infidels by the crusaders, scaled the walls of the
citadel, and led the way for his comrades to victory.
The crest is a shield, upon which appears a turret and
cross keys of a castle. This is surmounted by a cuirass,
breastplate, helmet, buckler, bow and arrow, a sword, a flag
and the cross. On either side of the shield, is a sprig of
leek, and entwining these, a scroll upon which is inscribed:
«« By the Name of Almy."
It is inferred that Almy (Almond), commanding a Welsh
regiment and bearer of the cross under the banner of St.
George and the King of England, chose to anglicize bis
name and had covered himself with glory "by the name of
Almy." (Nomine Almii.)
In a work recently published by Mrs.Crosland, the author-
ess mentions the effect which the Norman conquest had
upon the civilization of England, by introducing an aristoc-
racy; and how, centuries afterward, "the French Revolution
indirectly leavened the coarseness of the English upper mid-
dle class." She also speaks of the beneficial eflects upon
society of the French refugees, who "were almost al-
8 The Almy Family.
ways well educated, with much more of all-round culture
than the English of that period often attained; they were
temperate in an age when nearly all men were more or less
wine bibbers. They must have been astonishingly eco-
nomical and thrifty to have lived as they did; * they
were members of the old noblesse, all their previous lives
accustomed to ease and luxury, who turned their acquire-
ments to practical account; * * they taught their
own language, often painting and music as well, and even
dancing. * »•
Doubtless the amalgamation of the Norman and Saxon
produced good results, and evolved some of the noblest and
most eminent men of England. There was the culture, re-
finement and chivalry on the one hand, and the bold, hon-
est, hardihood on the other. If the Normans, and later the
modern French, brought with them the results of higher
education to England they had the benefit of freer institu-
tions, a more fertile soil, better and more nourishing food,
and were thus equipped to make the most of their sur-
roundings and their environments, and to avail themselves
of all such as would accrue to their personal protection
and best advantage.
It was as natural and as common then, as it is to-day,
The Almy Family.
(or men to be influenced by the opinions, associations and
teachings of the people with whom they constantly
mingled. It was then, as now, an ordinary thing to find
some men rise above, and some fall below, the current of
opinions; and there are always found in every society,
those who, having more than ordinary prevision, are able
to become teachers, leaders and exemplars of theories and
By such leaders was the colony of New England
founded; by men who professed "those great dogmas of
which moral systems are composed," and who, animated
by a desire for greater liberty of thought and action, had
the courage to endure the hardships incident to life in a
new, unsettled country.
It was in the company of such men as John Winthrop,
John Eliot, Isaac Johnson and their class, that we find one
of the Almy family of England coming to America, to plant
the name which has branched out through New England
and the United States.
William Almy, the common ancestor of all who bear
the name in America, was a native of Belinden Parish, Kent
County, England, and was born in the year 1601. He first
came to this country in company with John Winthrop and
The Almy Family.
his associates about the year 1630, probably in 1629|* when
Winthrop, for his superior executive ability and acknowl-
edged integrity, was elected governor of the New £ng«
land Colony, t j
[John Winthrop, Isaac Johnson and his wife, Lady
Arbella Johnson, sister of the Earl of Lincoln, with others,
sailed from England in the ship Arbella, April 10, 1629].
The first official mention we find of the name, appears
in the court records of the colony, Lynn, when on June 14,
1631, William Almy was fined Us., "for taking away Mr.
Glover's canoe without leave."
*"Oa June 6, 1C20, the 67th day of the voyage from England't
shores, Cape Sable was sighted od the Maiae coast, but they sailed into
Gloucester harbor, Massachusetts and there the passengers went ashore."
John Winthrop made this entry in his journal; "We had warm, fair
weather and so pleasant and sweet airs as did refresh as — then came a
smell ofl the shore like the smell of a garden."
fFrom "Old Times in the Colonies," (p. 166). "A very important
meeting of the Massachusetts Company was held in London, at John
GoSe's bouse, Aug. 28, 1(329. Matthew Cradock put this quescioa
to vote: Shall the government of the colony be in New England or
here? All in favor of transferring it to New England will hold up their
bands. The hands were raised It is a vote.
Was it simply the transfer [from London] of the management of a
company, across the ocean (to Massdchusetts) ? It was the begin-
Ding of a State. All the authority, aU the power that they bad desired
from the King (Charles I.) to make laws and execute them, was trans-
planted to America by this vote."
Tkt Almy Family. W
On July 31, 1634, he was again « fined for not appeau--
ing at the last court, being summoned." He was probably
absent in England, as he made two trips, to and fro, be-
fore he brought his family to the New World; on June 13,
1636, upon his second voyage to England, he presented his
certificates of conformity to the Church of England and of
loyalty to the crown, signed by his parish minister and a
justice of the peace, and these, being approved and ac-
cepted by the commissioners of emigration, of whom
Archbishop Laud, \ of Canterbury, was president, he was
permitted to embark on the ship Abigail commanded by
Capt. Robert Hackwell.
The Abigail must have been a stout, commodious vessel,
judging by the enrollment of her passengers, made by the
commissioners of emigration and filed in the Rolls Court,
Among the 700 men, women and children, shipped
for this voyage in eleven vessels appear some names which
became prominent in New England and, indeed, in the
United States, among the passengers aboard the Abi-
gail were :
I Appointed io the reigo of Charles I.
13 The Almy Family.
William Almy,* aged 34 years [husband],
AuDRY Almy, aged 32 years [wife], , ^ , .
Annis Almy, aged 8 years [daughter].
Christopher Almy, aged 3 years [son].
John, Elizabeth, and Deane Winthrop, aged respect-
ively, 27, 19 and 11, are also enrolled on the list of the
The date of sailing is not given but the ship could not
have weighed anchor before the 10th of July, 1636, which
is the date of enrollment of John Winthrop, son of the
governor of Massachusetts Bay, but she seems to have
landed her passengers safely in Boston on the 8th day of
October of the same year.
William Almy did not follow the fortunes of his fellow-
passenger. John Winthrop, son of the governor, had been
commissioned to establish a trading fort on the Connecti-
cut River, and it would seem from this, that Almy had
already formulated his plans and prepared for the recep-
tion of his family at Sagus, near Lynn, Mass.
In 1636 he gained a suit and secured judgment against
*The names as they appear in the official record at London are
"William Almond, Audry Almond, Annis Almy, Christopher EIraie."
This was William Almy's second voyage to America.
Tht Almy Family. 18
the estate of David Johnson, but compromised the case
with the widow, and on the same date, one Robert Way,
was ordered to serve William Almy, until he had satisfied the
sum of his indebtedness to him, which amounted to J[,\\\.
On April 3, 1637, Almy, with nine other men was given
liberty to view and locate a place which would comprise
sufficient land for the maintenance of three score families,
and in the same month he removed with his family to
On April 16, 1640, he received a grant of eight and a
half acres, but he seems not to have been satisfied with
Sandwich as a place of abode, for he removed to Ports-
mouth, R. I., in 1641, and on June 22, 1642, he sold his
house and land in Sandwich to Edmund Freeman, of that
place, in the consideration of ;^18.
In 1644 he secured a grant of land at Wading River,
and on January 5, 1656, he sold eight acres of it to Richard
William Almy was a member of a sect known as
"Friends," afterward designated as "Quakers" by Jus-
tice Bennett, of Derby, in 1650, because George Fox, in
one of his eloquent flights of oratory bade the people
" quake at the word of the Lord."
14 Th* A /my Family.
The first use of this epithet, found in the records of
parliament, was made in the journal of the House of Copi*
mons in 1654.*
Almy bOon became a prominent man in Portsmouth ;
honest, intelligent and well-to-do, he was frequently ap«
pointed to official stations in the town of his adoption.
He was made a freeman in 1655 ; in 1656 he served on
a jury; during the year between 1656 and 1663 he was
commissioner. It was in this last year that Almy, now
63 years of age, was one of four men to insure the prompt
payment of the tax due from the town of Portsmouth to
the government. In 1668 he served as foreman on a
Three children were born in America, to wit : John,
Job and Catharine. (Christopher, the eldest son, was
born in England, in 1632.)
William Almy died in Portsmouth, on February 28,
The executors to his will, which was proved April 23,
1677, were his sons, Christopher anu Job.
His first provision was that his body should be laid
beside that of his son, John, who had, presumably, fallen in
'Life of George Fox.
Thi Aimy Family. 1ft
the Indian war raging at that time. In case that his
wife should outlive him, William Almy devised to her the
whole of the estate for life. Upon the death of his wife
his son, Christopher, was to have half of the farm which
adjoined the land he had given to his second son, John.
To Job, his third son, he bequeathed the other half of the
farm, with the dwelling house, orchards, etc.
^ to his daughters, Anna* and Catharine he be-
queathed each two parts of cattle and movables, and to
Christopher and Job each one part. To Bartholomew
West, son of his second daughter, Catharine, he left jQ 20
to be paid to him equally by the executors when he should
reach the age of 21.
Annis, or Ann Almy, as the eldest daughter is variously
called, married, in 1648, John Greene, of Warwick, R. I.,
a son of John and Joan Tattersall, of Warwick, and brother
to James Greene the great-grandfather of Gen. Nathaniel
Greene of Revolutionary fame. A history of the " Battles
^ of the Revolution,"! has the following paragraph on page
371: "After the defeat of Col. Stuart in command of
the British forces, in South Carolina, September 8, 1781,
*AoDa was born in England 1627.
tBy Chaa. C. Coffin— Harper Bros.
16 The Almy Family.
people all over the country and across the water in England
said, that next to Washington, stood Nathaniel Greene,
of Rhode Island."
John Greene, brother-in-law of Christopher Almy, was
general recorder of Rhode Island, 1652; general solicitor,
1657; attorney-general, 1657 to 1660; assistant, 1660 to
1690, and deputy governor 1690 to 1700.
Ann Almy Greene had eleven children, seven sons and
four daughters. She died May 17, 1709, at the age of
The late Brig-Gen. Thomas Lincoln Casey, United
States Army, a distinguished engineer, is tenth in a direct
line, through Ann Almy Greene, from William and Audry
Almy. Gen. Casey is well known as the engineer who
completed the building of the Washington monument and
the war and navy department, and in 1894 was engaged
in constructing the congressional library building at Wash-
ington, D. C*
•From the Washington D. C. Daily Post, May 10, 1895: "Brig.
Gen. Thomas Lincoln Casey, chief of engineers of the army, [retired
May 10, 1895, at the age of sixty-four years], is one of the most noted
engineers of bis time, and his name has beun connected with many
public works. He was a member of the West Point class of 1852, and
among his classmates were Generals Henry W. Slocum, George Crook,
The Almy Family. 17
Later we find that Christopher Almy, of Newport,
R. I., born December 26, 1669, a nephew of Ann Almy
Greene (second son of Christopher Almy, Sr.,) married
April 16, 1690, first, Joanna Slocum, born October 9, 1672,
who was a member of the Greene family.
Christopher, the eldest son of William Almy, Sr., mar-
ried July 9, 1661, Eilizabeth Cornell, daughter of Thomas
and Rebecci.of P6rtsmouth, R. I. They had nine children,
but only three sons and four daughters reached maturity.
Thomas Cornell, of Portsmouth, R. I., born in Hertford,
England (father-in-law of Christopher Almy), was ensign
Alexander McA. McCook and Jerome N. Bonaparte, a grandson of the
brother of Napoleon. Gen. Casey had his first independent work on the
Pacific coast, between 1859 and 1861, when he built a military road in
Washington. He was very active in the war and had several important
works. He became a captain in the early part of the rebellion and was
breveted twice for meritorious service. He was with the North Atlantic
squadron in the first expedition against Fort Fisher." Gen. Casey died
at Washington, D. C, March 25, 1896.
" The Magazine of New England History," Newport, R. I., Vol.11.,
1892, contains an article contributed by Gen. T. L. Casey, Washingtoo,
D, C, on "Some Descendants of John Coggeshall, First President of
the Province of Providence Plantations." And in Vol. III., 1898. by
the same author is another article on the "Early Families of Casey in
Rhode Island." The same magazine, Vol. II., 1892, has " Extracts
from the Friend's Records, Portsmouth, R. I., relating to the families
of Almy, Anthony and Borden.
18 The Almy Family.
1042 to 1644. Like his father, Christopher Almy, held a
high position in the estimation of his townsmen, and occu-
pied places of honor and distinction.* '
He was admitted a freeman in 1858.
In company with many others he purchased, in 1667,
a large tract of land of the Indians at Monmouth, N. J.,
(see appendix). On March 5, 1680, he and seven others
bought Pocasset (Tiverton) lands for ;]^1,100, he having
three and three-quarters (3^) shares of the whole
thirty shares. The purchase was made of Gov. Josiah
Winslow. Other lands in Tiverton were bought later by
Job Almy, his brother, directly from the Indians, and this
property is still in possession and occupied by one of
the Almy descendants, who has the original deeds in his
February 27, 1690, Christopher Almy was elected
governor of Rhode Island, but for reasons satisfactory to
*" In an address made by certain inhabitants of Rhode Island and
Providence plantations, bearing date July 16, 1686, to H. M. James II.,
for continuation of their privileges and liberties according to
the charter, etc.," among the fourteen names signed to that petitica,
the eighth signature appearing thereon, is the name of Christopher
Almy. [Vide Rhode Island Colonial Records, Vol. III., pp 194-
The Altny Family, 19
the Assembly, he refused to serve.* This was the first
election held for governor since the deposition of Gov.
Andros.f During this year, however, he w s appointed
and acted successively as deputy and assistant to the
general assembly. In 1692, he was made captain of militia,
and in August, 1693, Christopher being in England as
•The Newport (R. I.) Historical Magatint (p. 182) contains an ad-
dress delivered before the Rhode Island Historical Society in March.
1879, by H. E. Turner (of Newport), in which be quotes from the Rhode
Island Colonial Records, Vol. III., p. 259, the following account of
Almy's election :
"February 27, 1690, this day our deputy governor and assistant
within mentioned, with their assembly sat, and because Walter Clarke,
(their governor) refused, they chose another governor, which was
Christopher Almy, who refusing, they chose Henry Boll, who accepts
The following extract is from Vol. III., pp. 260-261, of the Rnode
Island Colonial Records :
• * * "The governor elected was Mr. Christopher Almy, who
being required, refused to serve in the place of governor, giving satis-
fact6ry reasons to the assembly; whereupon the assembly went to election
of another and chose Mr. Henry Bull governor • • • Mr. John
Coggeshall, assistant, being sent for, appeared and refused to serve.
wberi^upon the court proceeded to election of an assistant, in bis, Walter
Newberry's room, and chose Mr. Christopher Almy, assistant." » • *
fSir Edmund Andros, Governor of Rhode Island, was arrested and
imprisoned in October, 1689.
20 The Almy Family.
messenger from Rhode Island, he delivered the address
from that colony and his own petition to Queen Mary,
stating that he was sent over to present their grievances
and told how he had come over 4,000 miles to lay these
matters before Her Majesty, and prayed that she grant
such encouragement as she saw fit, etc. The address
showed, that there were those who presumed to affirm that
the persons commissioned by Gov. Andros ought to
continue in service, until some specified order should be
made by the Crown of England.
In October, lii96, Almy was allowed ;^136, 10s. 8d.
for his expenses in England for the colony's use.
September 4, 1708, Christopher Almy registered his will
which was proved February 9, 1713, ten days after hisdeath.
There is a codicil to the will, bearing date September 17,
1711, proved February 9, 1713.
As the document is interesting and throws much light
on the history of the family the following extract is made
from J. O. Austin's Genealogical Dictionary of Rhode
Island, p. 236.
He names his son, Job, executor. He declares himself
to be in his seventy-seventh year. To his eldest son, Wil-
liam, he leaves, all housing and lands in Punkatest Neck,
The Almy Family. 91
Tiverton, other land, and negro Arthur. To son, Christo-
pher, land in Pocasset purchase, Tiverton, land in Sapowet
Neck and all lands in East New Jersey, not deeded before
his decease. To his son, Job, all lands in Rhode Island,
one-half upon the death of the testator and the other half
upon the death of his wife, Elizabeth; also land in Tiverton
and negro Ned. To his daughter Elizabeth, wife of John
Leonard, ;;^40. To children of deceased daughter, Sarah,
wife of Richard Cadman and afterward wife of Jonathan
Merihew, he leaves 10s. to her first-born son, William, for
the purchase of a bible. To her second son, Christopher
Cadman, he leaves ;;^10. To the two sons, John and
Thomas, sons of Merihew, he leaves ^^10 respectively.
To his grandsons, Richard and Thomas Durfee, sons of his
daughter Ann, he makes a legacy, and also makes provi-
sion for his granddaughters, Mary Wodell and Amey Dur-
fee. To his wife he leaves two negroes, Cumbo and
Margaret; one year after the death of his wife these negroes
to be freed and to have provided for them a bed, a cow and
the use of twenty acres in Pocasset for their lives. Besides
he leaves to his wife two cows, horses and the best feather-
bed, and during life half the housing and lands in Rhode
Island, half the fruit of the orchard and all the household
32 Tkf Almy Family.
goods. To three children of his deceased daughter, Rebecci
Townsend, ;^40, divided equally at age. To his son, Job,
he leaves the rest of the Pocasset land.
The codicil provides that children not acccepting these
terms shall lose their shares., Christopher died January
John, the second son of William Almy, Sr., was
born in Portsmouth, R. I., and married Mary, daughter of
James and Mary Cole, of Portsmouth. After his death,
October 1, 1676, his widow married in 1877, John Pococke,
John Almy was an aspirant for honors and in 1668 he
was appointed commissioner; on July 24, 1667, he was
chosen lieutenant of a troop of horse; in 1676 he served
*It was the first military "troop of bor«e" orgaoized in Rhode
Island. Gov. Andros and Benedict Arnold were among its active
The map of a "portion of Plymouth Colony, Rhode Island,"— in
Church's Annals of Philip's War— [Vol. I., p. 20] shows the location
of Capt. Alray's house to be on the eastern shore of Portsmouth, near
The "History of King Philip's War"— by Benjamin Church (J. K.
Wiggins, Boston. 1865) Vol. I., p. 20, says: "Capt. Church, be-
tween March 11 to 13, 1676, arrived at Capt. John Almy's npon
Rhode Island." Jbid.—Vo\. I., p. 29. "Almy, of Rhode Island, buys
land of Capt. Church."
Tht Almy Family. tS
%% captain in King Philip's war, and wat one of the many
who fell victims to the treachery of the Indians. lo 1671
he was allowed ;£0 10s. for the use of his horse and man,
in going to Plymouth on public business.
One year previous to his death, he and his wife sold
to Thomas Ward, of Newport, half a share of land at
Seaconnet, for ;^7.
The town councilmadehiswillon October 20, 1676; made
the widow executrix, and left to her use all personal prop-
erty after payment of debts; the court of Plymouth Colony
gave her the administration of the estate in that colony and
also his real estate there for life.
John left no children, and although there was some diffi-
culty between his widow and his brothers, Christopher and
Job, with regard to the administration of the estate after
her marriage to John Pococke, affairs were amicably
Job, the third son of William AlmVi Sr., born also in
Portsmouth, married Mary, daugher of Christopher and
Susanna Unthank of that town.
Their first two children, twins, William and Christo-
pher, were born January 20, 1664, and died the following
March. Another, William, born 1665, died in infancy, but
94 The Almy Family.
five daughters and three sons grew to maturity and were
named respectively: Susanna, Audry, Deborah, Catha-
rine, John, Mary, Job and Anthony. In December, 1705,
Mary married Samuel Snell and her brother, Job, married
Bridget Sanford, by whom he had nine children.
In 1660, Job Almy was on a jury in Plymouth Colony,
in the case of James Pierce, of Boston, who "died by the
immediate hand of God, thunder and lightning." In
1670-72 he was deputy from Warwick, and on May 7, 1673,
he was appointed commissioner to treat with the Indian
sachems, in order to consult with them the best means of
putting an end to the excesses of drunkenness and other
vices, into which the Indians were being betrayed by civ-
ilization. The sachems were : Mawsup and Ninecraft,
of Narragansett, Philip of Mount Hope, Wetamo of Pocas-
set, and Awashunks of Seaconnet. In 1673-76 he was an
On March 5, 1680, Job and seven others bought Poca«-
set lands for ^1,100, he having three and one-quarter
(3^) shares (same as his brother Christopher) of the
whole thirty shares. He died in 1684 and his widow mar-
ried Thomas Townsend.
He left to his widow all visible estate, while a widow,
The Almy Family, 95
to bring up the children till of age. To hit eldest sunriving
son, John, born January 26, 1676, all lands and buildings in
Portsmouth, reserving the best room for his widow; to son
John he also left lands at Pocasset. To Job all the lands
in Punkatest except a meadow. To his youngest son,
Anthony, the land at Sepowit Neck, etc. To his youngest
daughter he left money, and to the four eldest daughters
a share of land in Pocasset. He left two negro slaves and
some Indian servants, cattle, horses, and other farming
He and his brother, Christopher, were among the pur-
chasers of Pocasset (Tiverton) lands from the Indian
sachems. They were then Plymouth colonists. These men
were identified with the older and larger town of Freetown
which included Fall River. Two years after the union of
Plymouth with Massachusetts, the town was incorporated
and received the name of Tiverton.
The property then purchased by the Almy brothers is
still in possession of one of Job's descendants, who bears
the name of Almy. * f
•"The History of King Philip's War." by Benj. Church. Vol. I..
p. 10, meDtioDS [this] "land owned by Samuel Almy and Horace
t A letter from Samuel E. Almy, Tiverton. Four Corners, R. I. (to
26 The Almy Family.
It is at this place that the <' peas field " so graphically
described by Capt. Benjamin Church, in his "Entertaining
History," is located. In 1772 a party was sent out to
identify the spot, which they located in the rear of the
residence of Mr. Horace Almy, a little north of the Almy
burying ground. There they found " Church's well," •• a
spring, stoned round like a well," from which a little rivu-
let trickled down to the sea, where Church had stopped to
rest his men and water the horses before the battle of the
They saw the "black rock " spoken of by Church, and
the •' ruins of the stone house " on the bluff, upon which the
Indians were perched to shoot the white man. Here, al-
most opposite to the residence of Mr. Samuel Almy, at the
terminus of the road leading to Fogland Ferry, the party
fixed, with sufficient accuracy, the "fence of Capt. John
Almy's peas field," where the fight took place, as being
near the juncture of Fogland Point with Punkatest Neck.
the compiler), dated March 16, 1897, says, " My late father, Samuel E.,
born February 18, 1800, son of Cook and Charlotte Almy, was one of
the owners of the land on which the battle of the peas 6eld was fought.
I am one of the present owners of the property. It has been passed
down from Job Almy, third son of William, (born 1601) to the present
The Almy Family. «7
Punkatees Neck is about two miles in length and not
over one mile wide at the widest point. It is southwest of
Tiverton, Pocasset, and was connected with Portsmouth by
means of Fogland or Cadman's Ferry. The following is an
extract from Capt. Benjamin Church's " Entertaining His-
tory," describing the battle in Capt. Almy's peas field.
" Now they passed into Punkatees Neck, and in their march dis-
covered a large wigwam full of Indian truck, which the soldiers were
loading themselves with until Mr. Church forbid it, telling them that
they might expect soon to have their hands full of business without car-
ing for plunder. Then crossing the head of the creek into the Neck,
they again discovered fresh Indian tracks, very lately passed before
them into the Neck. Then they got privately and undiscovered into the
fence of CAPT. ALMY'S PEAS FIELD, and divided into two parties.
Mr. Church, keeping one party with himself, sent the other with Lake,
that was acquainted with the ground on the other side. Two Indians
were soon discovered coming out of the peas field toward them, when Mr.
Church and those that were with him concealed themselves by falling
flat on the ground; but the other division, not using the same cautioo.
were seen by the enemy, which occasioned them to run. Which,
when Mr. Church perceived, he showed himself to them and called,
telling them he desired but to speak with them, and would not hart
them. But they ran, and Church pursued. The Indians climbed
a fence, and one of them facing about discharged his piece, but withoat
efiect on the English. One of the English soldiers ran up to the fence
and fired upon him that bad discharged bis piece, and they concluded
28 The Almy Family.
by the yelling (bey beard tbat tbe Indian was wounded; bat tbe lodiant
soon got into tbe tbickets, wbere tbej saw tbem no more for tbe present.
Mr. Cburcb tben marcbing over a plain piece of ground where
tbe woods were very tbick on one side, ordered bis little cooapany to
march at a double distance to make as big a sbow as possible if they
should be discovered. But before they saw anybody they were saluted
with 3 volley of fifty or sixty guns. Some bullets came very sur>
prisingly near Mr. Cburcb, who, starting, looked behind him, expecting
to have seen half of tbem dead, but seeing tbem all on their legs and
briskly firing upon the smokes of the enemy's guns, for tbat was all tbat
was then to be seen, be blessed God, and called to bis men not to dis*
charge all their guns at once lest tbe enemy should take advantage of
such an opportunity to run upon tbem with their hatchets.
The next motion was immediately into the peas field. When
they came to the fence, Mr. Church bid as many as bad not discharged
their guns to clap under the fence and lie close while the others at some
distance in the field stood to load, hoping tbat if the enemy should creep
to tbe fence to gain a shot at those tbat were charging their guns, they
might be surprised by those that lay under the fence. But casting bis
eyes to tbe side of tbe hill above them, the bill seemed to move, being
covered over with Indians, with their bright guns glittering in tbe sun,
and running in a circumference with a design to surround tbem.
Seeing such multitudes surrounding him and bis little company,
it put him upon thinking what was become of the boats tbat were ordered
to attend him, and looking up he espied them ashore at Sandypoint, oa
the island side of the river, with a number of horse and foot by them,
and wondered what should be the occasion, until he was afterward in*
Th« Almy Family. M
formed that the boat* had been over that morning from the island and
bad landed a party of men to fetch off some cattle and horses, bot were
ambuscaded and many of them wounded by the enemy.
Now our gentleman's courage and conduct were both pot to the
test. He encourages bis men, and orders some to run and take a wall
to shelter before the enemy gained it. 'Twas time for them now to
think of escaping, if they knew which way. Mr. Church orders bis
men to strip to their white shirts, that the islanders might know them
to be Englishmen, and then orders three guns to be fired distinct
hoping it might be observed by their friends on the opposite shore.
The men that were ordered to take the wall, being very hungry, stopped
awhile among the peas to gather a few, being about four rods from the
wall. The enemy from behind it hailed them with a shower of bullets,
but soon all but one came tumbling over an old hedge down the bank
where Mr. Church and the rest were, and told him that his brother.
Southworth, who was the man that was missing, was killed; that they
saw him fall; and so they did see him fall, but it was without a
shot, and be lay no longer than till he had an opportunity to clap a
bullet into one of his enemies' foreheads, and then came running to his
company. The meanness of the Englishs' powder was now their greatest
misfortune, for they were immediately upon tnis beset with multiiodes
of Indians, who possessed themselves of every rock, stump, tree or
feucct that was in sight, firing upon them without ceasing, while they
had no shelter but a small bank and bit of water fence. And, to add
to the d;s;.dvantage, the Indians possessed themselves of the ruins of a
stone house that overlooked them, and of the black rocks to the sooth-
ward of them, so that now they had no way to prevent lying qnite open
The Almy Family,
to some or other of the enemy, bot to heap op itonei befort
At length came over one of the boats from the island shore, bat the
enemy plied their shots so warmly to her, as made her keep at some dis-
tance. Mr. Church desired them to send their caate ashore to fetch
them aboard, but no p>ersuasions or arguments could prevail with them
to bring the canoe ashore, which some of the men perceiving, began to
cry out for God's sake to take them oCF, for their ammunition was spent,
etc. Mr. Church being sensible of the danger of the enemies hearing
their complaints, and being madeacquainted with the scantiness of their
ammunition, fiercely called to the boatmaster, and bid him either send
bis canoe ashore or else be gone presently, or he would fire upon him.
Away goes the boat, and leaves them still to shift for themselves.
But then another difficulty arose. The enemy, seeing the boat leave
them, were reanimated, and fired thicker and faster than ever. Upon
which some of the men who were lightest of foot began to talk of an
escape by fiigbi, until Mr, Church solidly convinced them of the imprac-
ticableness of it, and encouraged them, yet told them that he had ob>
served so much of the remarkable and wonderful presence of God
hitherto preserving them, that encouraged him to believe with much
confidence, that God would yet preserve them, that not a hair of their
headsshould fall to the ground, bid them to be patient, courageous, and
prudently sparing of their ammunition, and be made no doubt they
should come oQ well yet, etc., until his little army resolved one and all
to stay with and stick by him. One of them was pitching a fiat stone
up on end before him in the sand, when a bullet from the enemy with
a full force struck the stone, while be was pitching it on end, which put
Tk« Almy Family. SI
the poor fellow to a miserable start till Mr. Cborch called oa bim to ob-
serve, bow God directed tbe ballets tbat tbe enemy coald aot bit bia
wben in tbe same place, yet coald bit the stone, as it was erected.
While they were making the best defense they coald against their
nnmerous enemies, tbat made the woods ring with their constant yelling
and shouting, night coming on, somebody they spied with a sloop ap tbe
river as far as Gold Island, seemed to be coming down toward them.
He looked ap and told them that succor was now coming, for be
believed it was Capt. Golding, whom be knew to be a man for business,
and would certainly fetch them o& if be came. The wind being fair
the vessel was soon with them, and Cppt. Golding it was. Mr. Cbarcb
as soon as they came to speak one with another desired him to ccme to
anchor at such a distance that he might veer out bis cable and riie
afloat, and let slip his canoe tbat it might drive ashore, which directions
Capt. Golding observed; but the enemy gave bim such a warm salote
tbat bis sails, color, and stern were full of bullet boles.
The canoe came ashore, but was so small tbat she would not bear
above two men at a time, and when two were aboard they turned her
loose to drive ashore for two more, and the sloop's company kept the
enemy in play the while. But when at last it came to Mr. Church's tarn
to go abroad, he had left his hat and cutlass for the Indians; they should
never have them to reflect upon him. Though be was much dissuaded
from it, yet be would go fetch them. He put all the powder be bad left
into his gun, and a poor charge it was, and went presenting bis gun at
tbe enemy, until be took up what he went for, and at bis return he dis-
charged bis gun at the enemy to bid them farewell for that time, but bad
not powder enough to carry tbe bullet half way to them.
83 The Almy Family.
Two bullets from the enemy struck the canoe at be went aboard,
one grazed the hair of his head, another struck in a small stake that
stood right against the middle of his breast."
" The History of King Philip's War," by the Rev. Increase Mather.
D. D., also a history of the same war, by the Rev. Cotton Mather,
D. D., printed by J. Munsell, Albany, N. Y., 1862, has the following
account on page 60: * * * " but Capt. Church was got into a peas
field, where he, with his fifteen men, found himself suddenly surrounded
with an hundred and almost five times fifteen terrible Indians. * • •
So they fought it out bravely that whole afternoon without the least
hurt unto any of thei;- number, but with death given to as many as their
number of their enemies. And at last, when their guns by qften firing
were become unserviceable a sloop of Rhode Island fetched them off
la the same book, on page 227, a letter from Capt. Nathaniel
Thomas Mounthope, dated August 10, 1675, relating "An account of the
fight with the Indians, August 1, 1G75," says:
' ' We came to Pocasset about two hours after sunset, caused an alarm
to be made to bring his (Capt. Henchman's) soldiers together, and next
morning early, the last (day) of July (1675), in Mr. Almy's boat, with six
files of English and sixteen Indians, v/afted toward Rehoboth."
Catharine, the youngest daughter of William and Audry
Almy, married Bartholomew West, son of Nathan West.
She had four sons. The eldest, Bartholomew, is mentioned
in the will of his grandfather, William Almy.
William, Christopher Almy's eldest son, born October
The Almy Family. S3
27, 1666, was twice married. His first wife, the mother of
his children, was Deborah, daughter of John Cook, of Ports-
mouth. They had nine children, Mary, John, Job, Eliza-
beth, Samuel, Deborah, Rebecca, Joseph and William,
Job, born April 28, 1696, married Lydia Tillinghast, of
East Greenwich. John, born October 10, 1692, married
Anstice EUery, daughter of Hon. Benjamin Ellery. Eliza-
beth, born November 14, 1697, married her cousin, Christo-
pher Almy, born May 6, 1698, of Newport, R. I., son of
Col. Job Almy and brother of Elizabeth, born August 1,
1703, who married William Ellery. Samuel, born April 15,
1701, married and had a sun, William, mentioned in the
will of his grandfather. Rebecca, born October 14, 1704,
married one Slocum; either Mary or Deborah married one
Ellet, and had a daughter, Amey, mentioned in her grand-
William Almy left considerable property, inventoried
at ^7,600, consisting of money, real estate, live stock,
negro slaves and farming implements. He owned land in
Dartmouth, Tiverton, and at Cadman's Neck, Punketest,
etc. He makes mention in his will of his two great-
grandchildren, Elisha and Anstice Almy, children of bis
84 ! The Almy Family,
grandson, John, son of his son, John. To Benjamin, son of
his son, John, he also makes a legacy. To his grandson,
Job Almy, son of his daughter, Elizabeth, who married her
cousin Christopher, he left j^200. To his grandson, Will-
iam, son of Samuel, he leaves property in Dartmouth. His
grandson, Gideon, son of his son, William, is mentioned ia
the will of William Almy's widow, Hope Borden,
This Gideon Almy was deputy from Tiverton to tho
general assembly in 1776.
William Almy died July 6, 1747, at the age of 82, and
his widow died fifteen years later at the age of 77.
He left something to each of his large family, but for
the purposes of this research it is necessary to mention
only the male descendants.
Job, son of Christopher Almy, Sr., and younger
brother of William, familiarly called " Colonel " Job,* was
born October 10, 1675. He was twice married; first to
Ann Lawton in 1696, and afterward to Abigail, widow of
William Gardiner. By his first wife he had Christopher,
•Austin's Genealogical Dictionary of Rhode Island, p. 238; Lamb's
History of New York, p. 74U. Records of Chamber of Commerce, Now
York, p. 125. Annual Register Society of Colonial Wars, State of Now
York (p. 58), 1895.
Tht Almy Family. 85
born May 6, 1698, who married hit cousin, Elizabeth,
daughter gf William Alray and Deborah Cook; his daugh-
ter, Elizabeth, born August 1, 1703, died July 8, 1783, was
married on January 3, 1723, to William, son of Abigail
Wilkins and the Hon. Benjamin Ellery. She was the
mother of the signer of the Declaration of Independence.
This is not the only instance of a connection betv^een the
families of Ellery and Almy. John, son of William Almy,
Jr., had married Anstis Ellery, daughter of the Hon. Benja-
min Ellery and sister to William, husband of Elizabeth
Almy. They had four children, to wit; John, Anstis, Mary
and Benjamin. John left two children, John and Benjamin.
And again these families intermarried : Catharine,
daughter of Benjamin and granddaughter of John, married
Edmund Trowbridge Ellery, the grandson of Elizabeth
Almy and William Ellery.
Conrad C. Ellery,* of Auburn, Maine, was issue of this
"Col." Job Almyf was appointed May 4, 1709, on a
•Died in March, 1895.
fThe followiDg extract is from a letter written (to the compiler) oa
March 25, 1805. by W. W. Chapin. a member of the Rhode Island His-
torical Society, Providence, R. I.:
"Job Almy (according to Austin's), son of William and brother of
of Christopher, died 1684. He was deputy from Warwick. 1670-72; com-
36 The Almy Family,
special council to assist the governor in the management
and expediting of the expedition against Canada. Between
the years of 1709 and 1726 he was made deputy from New-
port to the general assembly. He was a wealthy merchant
and a man highly respected for his integrity and generosity.
He and his first wife were Quakers, but his second wife,
Abigail Gardiner, nee Remington, was an Episcopalian.
"Col." Job Almy,* we find to be the common ancestor
of two families prominent in American history, grandfather
to the signer of the Declaration of Independence, William
mittee to treat with Indian sachems, 1673; assistant, 1673-4-5. There ii
no mention in our (Rhode Island) published colonial records of bis hav-
ing received any military commission, indeed, colonels were very rare
in those days. We find plenty of majors and captains. Job is mentioned
in the records so late as 1680 (not later), and then as before, simply as
Mr. Job Almy. It was usual to give the military title if authorized.
Job, son of Christopher (1675-1743). wai appointed captain in ijjd.
I doubt that Job. son of William, had any military title by au-
thority." A letter written on same date (to the compiler), by Amos Perry,
secretary and librarian of the Rhode Island Historical Society, says:
"Mr. W. W. Chapin, a most intelligent member of this society, has
looked over the record and made the enclosed note (as above printed).
I have looked over the records enough to verify his statements. Job
Almy was a highly esteemed citizen. His name occurs repeatedly
and the term commissioner was applied to him."
♦"Bridget Thompson, wife of John Thompson, and daughter of
Col. Job Almy, of Tiverton, in the colony of Rhode Island, died May
15, 1759, age 43, buried in the old cemetery at Middletown, Conn."
The Almy Family. 87
EUery, and great-great-grandfatber of the late Rear-
Admiral John Jay Almy, United States Navy.
John Jay Almy, of Washington, D. C, was named and
christened John Jay, after the first chief justice of the
United States Supreme Court, was born April 24, 1815,
died on May 16, 1895; was twice married. By his first
marriage he had five children,viz.; Charles G., Augustus C,
William E., Annie and Sarah. His second wife was Alida
Armstrong Gardner, daughter of Col. Charles K.Gardner, of
Georgetown, D. C. Annie married Lieut. John C. Haines,
fifth regiment of cavalry of the United States Army.
Augustus C. is a lieutenant in the United States Navy and
a charter member of the Floridacommandery of the military
order of foreign wars of the United States. William E. is
a first lieutenant in the Fifth Cavalry, A. A. Q. M., United
Upon the death of ex-President Rutherford B. Hayes,
in January, 1893, who was commander-in-chief of the Mili-
tary Order of the Loyal Legion, Rear Admiral J. J. Almy,
as the vice commander, became the acting commander*
in-chief for the remainder of the year.
The following item is from the Washington, D. C,
Daily Post of May 17, 1895:
S8 Tht Almy Family i
"John J. Almy was bom in Rhode Island 00 April 24, 1819, and en*
tered the United States Navy as a midshipman in 1629. He rose through
the saccessive grades to be commodore on December 80, 1869, and rear
admiral August 24, 1873. As midshipman and lieutenant he cruised
all over the world in the old sailing navy, was at the surrender of Walker
and his filibusters at Nicaragua, and commanded the Fulton in theexpe-
dition of Paraguay, was at the siege of Vera Cruz and the capture of
Tuxpan during the Mexican war, and at the navy yard, Brooklyn, in
1861-62. As commander during the Civil war he bad charge successively
of the gunboats South Carolina, Connecticut and Juanita. While in
command of the Connecticut he captured four noted blockade runners
with valuable cargoes [adjudged worth 11,063,352.49], and ran ashore
and destroyed four others. He commanded the South Atlantic squadron
until 1867, and was then assigned to the Brooklyn navy yard, then the
signal corps, and after a cruise in the Pacific in 1876 he was presented
with the Order of Ka-ueKameha by King Kalakaua of the Hawaiian
Islands as an acknowledgment of the courtesies shown to the latter during
his passage on vessels of the Admiral's squadron to and from the
United States. " He was retired on April 24, 1877. [A war paper, No. 9,
Incidents of the Blockade, 1861-65, was prepared, in pamphlet form,
by Companion Admiral Almy, and read by him, at the stated meeting
on February 3, 1892, of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the
United States Commandery of the District of Columbia, at Washington,
William Almy, brother of Rear Admiral J. J. Almy's
grandfather, Job, was an enterprising merchant of Provi-
The Almy Family. St
dence, R. I. He was a Quaker and married Miss
Brown, a sister of Moses and Obadiah. He established
the first cotton manufactory in Pawtucket and, under the
firm name of Almy, Brown & Slater, did a flourishing busi-
ness in cotton goods.
An incident of his Quaker simplicity and conciseness is
recounted by the late Rear Admiral Almy as follows :
"When Gen. Washington, as President, visited Provi-
dence, R. I., different societies and deputations called upon
him to pay their respects. The chairman would advance
and make an address of welcome, occupying from five to
ten minutes, dilating upon His Excellency's virtues and
services. The deputation of Quakers was headed by Will-
iam Almy, who advanced toward Washington, extended
his hand and said:
"Friend Washington, we are glad to see thee."
Anna A. Jenkins, of Providence, R. I., his only daughter,
was born September, 1790. She was a Quaker and in-
herited a large fortune. Early in life Anna manifested a
taste for preaching and soon became an acknowledged ex-
pounder of the doctrines of her sect. She traveled in the
United States and in Europe, preaching the word of God
from the Friends' standpoint.
The Almy Family.
Mrs. Jenkins founded a school and an orphan asylum for
colored children in Providence. Her charities were not
confined to this benefaction but were distributed in innu-
merable ways with unsparing hand and with so much mod-
esty and unselfishness that many of her noble deeds are
recorded only in heaven, '
Her death was particularly sad. On the morning of
November 20, 1849, her house was discovered to be on fire.
Flames had already enveloped the building, and before
rescue arrived she and her daughter perished in the con-
It is often asserted that the Friends, as a sect, were
averse to any participation in the Revolutionary war, but
we find that at the general yearly meeting held by the
Friends in Philadelphia, in 1774, a letter was formally ap-
proved and ordered to be sent to all meetings of Friends in
America, warning the members of that society not to
depart from their peaceful principles by taking part in any
of the political matters, reminding them that under the
king's government they had been favored with a peaceful,
prosperous enjoyment of all their rights and would disown
all members who disobeyed the order issued by the yearly
The Almy Family. 41
This letter was generally obeyed by most of the older
members of the sect, but not by all; many of the younger
members took an active part, declaring " that they should
render duty to their government of willing obedience, so
also they owed it their active support when threatened by
invasion. * While agreeing with their elders as
to the wickedness of aggressive war and needless
~ strife, they took the ground that it would be inconsistent
to accept the support of the Continental congress and
armies and refuse to aid them by every possible means.
They served actively in the armies on the
American side; they appeared in the committee of public
safety; they were seated in the Legislature; they were con-
cerned in the printing of the Continental money; and they
gladly gave to the cause out of their purses and stocks of
goods. Nor was it only by the men that these services
were rendered; the women attended their husbands to the
wars, and it is still remembered that during the battle of
Trenton the wives of the Quaker soldiers helped on the
battlefield to bandage the wounded, and the flags that
were carried by the American armies were made by a
Quaker woman. * * On June 13, 1777, the Legis-
lature of Pennsylvania passed a law commanding all resi-
42 The Almy Family.
dents to forthwith appear before the justices or other
officers qualified to take oath or affirmation of allegiance
to the State of Pennsylvania and the United States, and
abjure forever all allegiance to the king and government of
Great Britain. This brought the issue fairly and fully
before the Society of Friends. The leaders of that society
stood firm to the letter of the yearly meeting of 1774, and
generally failed to comply with the law. Some
took the oath secretly, but some young Friends * *
attended publicly before the justices, and openly and will-
ingly complied with the law. Among these was Samuel
Wetherill, Jr., who was a minister or public speaker at
the meetings of Friends, and also a very active man of
affairs. Not only did Samuel Wetherill publicly take the
oath of allegiance, but his public speech and ready pen
were actively enlisted for the American cause. * * *
In 1775 he joined with Christopher Marshall and several
other enterprising men in founding the first factory for
weaving cloth in the colony, and when war" broke out
this factory was in active operation. The cloth woven
by this factory was also supplied to the army, and it is
said that a timely shipment of these supplies to the little
army at Valley Forge saved it from disbanding.
TA* Almy Family, 49
This action of Friends does not seem to have been con-
fined to Philadelphia and its vicinity. Elsewhere in the
colonies, notably in Maryland and Massachusetts, many
Quakers were disowned for their service in the cause of
Among these were: "Timothy Matlock, who was a
colonel in the army and a member of the Committee of
Public Safety. William Crispin, who was com-
missary in Gen. Washington's army; Clement Biddle, who
was disowned as early as 1776 for studying to learn the art
of war; he afterward served as quartermaster general for
the army under General Gates at Valley Forge and else-
where; Owen Biddle, his brother, who was a member of
the Legislature; Benjamin Say, a well-known physician;
Joseph Warner, who served in the army, and who was at
the battle of Trenton; Peter Thompson, employed by Con-
gress to print the Continental money; Nathaniel Browne,
Isaac Howell, Moses Bartram, Jehu Edridge and Jona-
than Schofield. * * Among the women the most
famous were Lydia Darragh and Elizabv^th Ross, who after-
ward married John Claypoole. Elizabeth Claypoole was
employed in Gen. Washington's household, and it is
quite certain that the first American flags used in the army
44 The Almy Family.
were made by her. The order of Congress directing her
to be paid for this service has been preserved. She was
familiarly known as < Betsy ' Claypoole. She died in 1833.
* Lydia Darragh's house was used by certain
British officers as their headquarters during the English
occupation of Philadelphia, and she accidentally overheard
them in council of war plan a surprise by night of Gen.
Washington's army, then encamped at White Marsh. She
escaped from the city and made information of the intended
attack to the American officers, thus saving it, and prob-
ably also the cause of her country, from destruction. * *
* Samuel Wetherill continued actively in the ministry
until his eighty-first year. * » * He was succeeded by
his son, of the same name, who, in turn, was succeeded by
his son, John Price Wetherill, who, after worshiping alone
for several years, closed the meeting for the last time, and
meeting for religious worship by the Free Quakers ceased
The preceding is an extract from an article by Charles
Wetherill, in the American Monthly, the organ of the
Daughters of the American Revolution, for November,
Benjamin Almv, materz^al grandfather of Conrad C.
The Almy Family. 45
Ellery, was in the Revolutionary War; he was imprisoned
in England for over twenty months and was finally released
through the interposition of Benjamin Franklin. His
daughter, Katherine, married Edmund Trowbridge Ellery.
This family had in its possession, a handsome bed quilt
made by Anstiss Ellery, daughter of the Hon. Benjamin
Ellery, and wife of John Almy. This quilt, finished in the
year 1084, before her marriage, was made of a rich piece
of heavy blue silk on one side, while the reverse was chintz,
and was beautifully stitched with thousands of evenly set
stitches. • '
When George Washington visited Rhode Island in the
last century, perhaps on the very occasion when William
Almy headed the Quaker deputation and bade " Friend
Washington" welcome, this bedquilt, with its innumerable
fine stitches, was made historical by having been & )read
upon the bed occupied by the president in the house of
Benjamin Almy at Newport. So impressed was Gen. Wash-
ington by this piece of handiwork that, having exam-
ined it closely, he sent his servant for a large sheet to
cover it, lest some accident should befall it.
In 1877, when President Rutherford B. Hayes was en-
tertained by Gov. Van Zandt, in Providence, R. I., Mr.
46 The Almy Family.
Conrad C. Ellery offered the quilt to the governor for the
use of his guest.
Gen. Hayes, fully as careful as the "Father of his
Country," had the quilt carefully covered to preserve it on
the second occasion of its use, and later sent Mr. Ellery the
following pleasant note in recognition of the compliment:
ExBcuTivB Mansion, Washington. D. C, \
July 4, 1877. \
Mr. ConbadC. Ellbrv, Providbncb, R. I.— dy Dear Sir: " I write
to tbaok you for the honor of sleeping under the beautiful historic quilt,
once used by Washington in Newport many years ago, Tba quilt, the
cordial welcome of the good people of Rhode Island, the many pleasant
surroundings, all combined to secure sweet sleep and pleasant dreams.
Accept my thanks, and believe me your friend sincerely."
R. B. Hayes.
The accompanying letter from Mr. Ellery's mother gives
an interesting history of this ancient relic.
" My Dear Son: As it is your wish and request to have some ac-
count of the elegant blue silk bed quilt given you by your aunt and my
sister, Anstis Ellery Johnston, I will gratify you and inform you that it was
wholly wrought by your great-grandmolher, Anstis Ellery, before her mar-
riage to your great-grandfather, John Almy, my honored father's father.
The year she finished it is marked on said quilt curiously by her
Your great-grandmother, Anstis Ellery Almy, knowing her
son disliked two names, was so fearful that Ellery would not be added,
The Almy Family. At
that 00 the day the infant was carried to Trinity cborcb, Newport, to
be baptized, November 30, 1708, she tent a woman privately to listen to
assure her of the fact; and when the babe was aload named Anstis Ellery
and carried home and placed in her grandmother's arms, she blessed
and embraced her and laid her on this wonderful bed qoilt. with rich.
old-fashioned ornaments, and sent her to my mother's chamber with a
heart much gratified that the babe bore her name. She was then eighty
years old, and lived two years.
To you, my son, the value of this ancient, beaatifnl silk qailt will
be greatly increased when you are informed by me that President Wash-
ington slept under it in my father's house, in Newport, R. I.,
and be is the only person that ever did ; and, after long examining it,
sent his servant for a large sheet to cover it, least (sic) any accident
might injure the same.
What care did the blessed man evince, though unconscious of its
While giving you this important record will add the ages of yoor
Your grandfather, William Ellery, lived to be ninety-three.
Your grandfather, Benjamin Almy, lived to be ninety-five years, as
erect as man could be, and the handsomest old man I ever saw in my life.
My sainted mother, Mary Gould Almy, departed life at seventy-two.
And your own mother, that writes these particulars, is now eighty-
four years and eleven months."
Will only add Katubrini Ellibv.
Providsncb, January 16, 1865.
-48 The Almy Family.
Job Almy, son of William Jr., born April 28,1696, mar-
ried Lydia Tillinghast, of East Greenwich, July 18, 1717.
They had nine children, to wit: Deborah, Freelove,
Samuel, Joseph, Job, Lydia, Thomas, Christopher and
Thomas, the fourth son, was born November 6, 1736,
and was the father of Samuel Almy, who was born in Mas-
sachusetts, March 8, 1778. Samuel was educated in the
schools of Massachusetts and was proficient in the higher
mathematics. Grown to manhood and thirsting for adven-
ture, in company with a friend, he tramped to the limits of
a then unexplored country — central New York. In that
picturesque locality, between Cayuga and Seneca Lakes, .
the young men came upon a settlement and tarried for a
few days to rest. Here they met Jacobus Rappleye, who
had come from New Brunswick, N. J.
He had a large family. The youngest daughter,
Jane, with sweet face and laughing eyes, at-
tracted the attention and captivated the heart of young
Almy. Their stay was prolonged from day to day in-
terrupted at times, by the further explorations of the two
young men. After waiting some months Almy, inspired
by a strong desire to have a permanent home, made a
The Almy Family, 4»
clearing, built a log cabin, hollowed out the stump of a
large white oak for a mill, in which to grind bis com, and
offered himself and his worldly possessions to comely Jane
They were married November 1, 1801. In the list of
her trousseau we find mention of the following articles :
Twelve short gowns, twelve gored skirts, one blue silk
dress, one white mull, embroidered in large flowers, and
twelve turbans, high as could be, called "bee-hives."
Skilled in the higher mathematics, Samuel Almy
was engaged by the government to survey many
places in western New York. He was selected by the
government to join Clark's surveying party for the purpose
of locating and defining the boundaries of the States now
known as Ohio, Indiana and Illinois, then called the
•' Great Wabash Country." He was called into service
during the war of 1812, and was thereafter known as
*Mr. Samael Almy was called out for active daty, in an emergency,.
and organized a militia company in bis neighborhood, to meet an antici-
pated attack of the British, in that part of the State. His name "basnet
been found on the rolls, on file in the War Department (at Washington), of
any New York military organization in service during the war of 1812."
[Compiled from a statement made by his eldest son, Ira Almy.]
The Altny Family.
Like the majority of the Almy family, Samuel had been
brought up a Quaker, but was '* read out " of the society
for marrying out of the fold. The same thing happened
in the case of another Samuel Almy (born March 19,
1780), father of the late Rear Admiral John Jay
Samuel Almy died August 14, 1825. He had a large
family, to wit : Ira, Silvester, Milton Genoa, Lusally,
Clarinda, Calista B., James G. and Polly Ann. His widow,
born February 19, 1780, survived him thirty-eight years;
died February 2, 1863.
Early in the century, life on the beautiful inland lakes
of central New York was not as it is to-day. The country
round about was sparsely settled, the forests were dense,
roads nearly unknown and the snowfalls of the winter sea-
son very heavy. Almost the only means of communication
with the other settlements in the vicinity was by frail
canoe on the too often turbulent lakes, and privations had
to be endured by the stalwart settlers.
Samuel Almy finally bought a farm from Mr. Boudinot
and many years afterward laid it out in lots, called it Far-
merville and built the largest house at that time to be
found between Geneva and Ithaca. Le Fevre, the architect
The Almy Family. 51
and author of the " Treatise on Architecture/' was the
builder and personally superintended the work.
Mr. Almy was an influential man in that section of the
country and was, at one time, high sheriff of Seneca county.
He left a considerable estate, which was divided among
his surviving children. The following excerpt printed in
1868 in a weekly newspaper, the Ovid (Seneca county) Bee,
gives this description of the town (Farmerville) founded
by Samuel Almy:
" Among the pleasant places ia oar coanty (Seneca) there is none
that surpasses Farmerville in point of beauty or the Intelligeace of Its
" Located on the western bank of Cayuga lake, with the command-
ing view of the lake and surrounding country, we know of oo place
more favored by nature than this. Some of the finest farms in western
New York are in this immediate vicinity, and great taste is displayed by
the farmers in erecting their bouses and barns and in cultivating the
soil; in fact, they have elevated their occupation to the dignity of a
science. They are ready at all times to exchange views, impart and re«
ceive valuable sugf^estions relating to agriculture, and by associating to-
gether become better acquainted and extend to one another those social
and professional amenities which add so much to the enjoyment of indi-
Samuel Almy's eldest son Ira, born September 15, 1802,
at Ovid, Cayuga county (now Seneca), N. Y., was an enter-
52 The Almy Family.
prising dry goods merchant and grain shipper at Kidder's
Ferry, Cayuga Lake. Boat builder and owner of a line of
canal boats, by which he forwarded consignments of grain
and produce to Syracuse before the construction of the
Erie canal, and when that great enterprise was com-
pleted was the owner of the second canal boat that ever
passed through the canal.
He was identified with the benevolent and religious in-
terests of the community and was one of the oldest mem-
bers of the Masonic fraternity in the State; was a charter
member in 1825 of the Farmerville lodge, and during the
anti-Masonic (Morgan) excitement in 1826-28 he pre-
served in safety the lodge jewels.
In 1845 was one of the projectors of the then unbuilt
town of Farmer Village, about one-half of which has since
been built on his father's farm. Was a life-long democrat
and a delegate from Seneca County to the democratic na-
tional convention held in Chicago, in 1864, voting for Gen.
George B. McClelland for presidential candidate.
He held a number of town offices including the highest,
that of supervisor, and was superintendent of the poor for
He was probably more familiar than any of his contem-
The Almy Family, 63
poraries with the early history of the town in which he
lived and his reminiscences were of exceeding interest and
value. He aided in compiling the history of Seneca
County, and in the preparation of several historical sketches
of the town and village.
He loved little children, was kind to the poor and needy,
and felt an interest in all that pertained to the welfare of
the community in which he lived. "A man who loved his
February 2, 1826, Ira married Mary, daughter of
William Mundy, of Farmerville. Ira died November 12,
1884; three children survived him, viz.: Samuel, of Tru-
mansburg, N. Y, ; Josephine, who married February 24,
1847, Dr. C. E. Swift, of Auburn, N. Y.; and Sarah, wife
of W. T. Hopkins (died April, 1897), of Benton Harbor,
Mich. Adele, daughter of Josephine and C. E. Swift,
married Horace \. Knapp (born October 7, 1848), who is
one of the proprietors of the Auburn, N. Y., Daily Journal.
Sylvester, born September 4, 1804, the second son, was a
local politician and died a bachelor.
Milton Genoa, born at Farmerville on October 4,
1806, married Sarah Wilcox, of Hartford, Conn. Had two
children, Miranda, born June 4, 1836, and Miles, born
54 The Almy Family. 'T
March 8, 1839. He was called " Prof." Almy because of
his personal observations and researches for over a quarter
of a century, as an entomologist. He gathered a large
and varied collection of insects, and contributed to the
public journals, many interesting articles on this sub-
He died at the home of his daughter in Newburg,
N. Y., February 2, 1882.
The following extract was published in 1861, in a
Seneca Falls, N. Y., weekly newspaper:
" One of the pleasantest features of our visit on this occasion [of a
joaroey to Farmerville] was an inspection of the laboratory of M. G.
Almy, a wealthy gentleman of that village, who has for twenty years de-
voted great attention to entomological investigations and research, Hit
laboratory is arranged in the neatest manner with thousands of speci-
mens of various insecti. Mr. Almy is an enthusiast on the subject, and
his scientific collection is a valuable one."
His son, Miles, settled in Chicago in 1860, reading law
for five years, afterward engaging in the real estate busi-
ness; married April 20, 1864, Gertrude Curtis, of Marcel-
lus, N. Y. His youngest daughter, Helen, died January
14, 1883. The eldest daughter, Edith E., married on
October 17, 1896, Joseph Adams, a member of the firm of
John Adams & Sons, Chicago.
Tht Alttiy Family. 55
M. G. Almy's daughter, Miranda, married April 13,
1864, William E. Bartlett, of Newburg, N. Y. He died
October 19, 1892. Had three children, to wit: Frederick
William, who married Mary Chittenden Hall, daughter of
Rev. William. K. and Anna B. Hall. Harry Almy, who
married Irene Moore, daughter of Hugh and Henrietta
Moore, have two children, Walter Almy and Irene. The
youngest son of William and Miranda is George C.
Miranda was a fine vocalist and composer of some
popular melodies which were published in 1862. Mrs.
M. A. Bartlett furnishes the following history of Washing-
ton Place and the old family homestead which has been
occupied by the Bartlett family for four successive gen-
•* The name Washington was given to it by Gen.
Washington himself, at the time he established his head-
quarters there during the years 1779-81.
" This house, as we have the knowledge from the de-
scendants of its early settlers since 1684, was built for Gen.
Washington's occupancy — it being on the land surround-
ing the old stone house known as Washington's head-
quarters for officers and men. It was rebuilt in 1824 and
again occupied by the McLeod family. In 1848, my late
66 The Almy Family,
husband's father, Thomas Bartlett, purchased the house
and grounds known as No. Washington Place. He re-
built again with modern improvements, but the original oak
beam and timbers are now, as in 1684, on the first and
second floors, apparently as strong and good as ever.
Gen. Winfield Scott also made that house his home while
he was in Newburg on military duty, during the war of
1812. It is still owned and occupied by a member of the
Lusally, eldest daughter of Samuel Almy, born Febru-
ary 24, 1808, married George W. Randall, of Canoga, N. Y.;
at her death left one child. She died January 3, 1836. He
died August 3, 1892.
Clarinda, born January 26, 1814, the second daughter
of Samuel, married, in 1834, E, Sanford Smith, of
Albion, N. Y., they moved to Cassopolis, Mich., where
he was appointed district attorney. They subsequently
settled in Chicago in 1848, where he purchased land and
erected a law office building known as 108 and 110 Adams
Street, and occupied as a home the adjoining building,
No. 112 (the present site of the Chicago post office
and custom house building). They had no children.
Clarinda died April 13, 1878 (and was interred in Oakwood
The Almy Family. 57
Cemetery^ Chicago), her husband died February 22, 1879.
Clarinda soon after locating in Chicago united by letter
with the First Baptist Church, thee standing on the south*
east corner of La Salle and Washington Streets, opposite the
court house. She was beloved for her charity and respected
for her faithfulness in all church duties and appointments.
Mrs. Smith was one of the original seventy, who
organized the Women's Christian Temperance Union of
Chicago, in 1874, and prominently identified with its early
work, as vice president, and one of the active members of
the central committee.
At her funeral services (held in the First Baptist
Church, southeast corner of South Park Avenue and Thirty-
first Street), Chicago, at the close of the sermon, by the
pastor, Rev. Dr. W. W. Everts, three ladies, respectively:
Miss Frances E. Willard, Mrs. T. B. Carse, president, and
Miss Lucia E. F. Kimball, chosen representatives of the
Women's Christian Temperance Union, (nearly three hun-
dred members of which were present,) delivered brief ad-
dresses on the exemplary life and Christian character of
« Vide Fifth Annual Report, p. 8, September 27. 1878. of W. C. T.
58 Tkt Almy Family.
The following extract is taken from the remarks made
by Miss Frances E. Willard :♦
"* * * Gazing upon this tranquil face, looking into jour eyea
dear sisters of our anion, who loved so well her who bat left us, I can
otter no sad words. I know she is glad to see us here, grouped around
ber as before, for I feel sure, she is not far away. It is as she would
have desired, no formal words, no stately ceremonies, only grouped
with those who stood nearest by right of lifelong ties, the band of
women who knew and loved her best. • » •
"We will miss ber winning smile, the gentle face and kind voice,
from our daily gospel meetings. * •
"Our dear friend was a most faithful worker. In the early days
when I was president of our union, no one stood by me more steadily
in the every-day duties of a temperance worker. She was willing
to go to dingy garrets and damp basements seeking out the tempted, the
discouraged, or the desolate. Every request for such help was met by
her bright smile and cheery promise 'to go this very day,' for she
never procrastinated in work like this. Our union brings its floral
tribute— a flower-wreathed sickel and sheaf. Never were such sym-
bolic honors more worthily bestowed."
Calista B., born May 11, 1810, the third daughter
of Samuel, married September 19, 1839, Jacob D.
Winterstein, of Farmerville, N. Y. (formerly of New
Jersey). Upon her death, November 6, 1858, left two sons,
^Miss Willard is president of the National W. C. T. Union.
The Almy Family. 59
John and Franklin Pierce, and a daughter, Jennie, who
married Rev. Samuel Crane, D. D., a Universalis! min-
ister, now residing at Sycamore, 111. John died in early
manhood. Franklin P. resides at Hillsdale, Mich.
Jacob D. was appointed postmaster at Farmerville by
President Franklin Pierce, and again appointed postmaster
at the same place by Grover Cleveland. He died on
M«*rch 20, 1894.
James G., born January 9, 1818, youngest son of
Samuel, married April 14, 1847, Luna F. Wilcox, of Hart-
ford, Conn. Born May 9, 1819, died February 13, 1870.
The eldest daughter Grace Curtis, born February 17, 1850,
died in 1876; the second daughter, Jessie C, was born Octo-
ber 9, 1856. The son, Albert Curtis, Ph. D.,of the alumni
of Cornell College and university of the city of New York,
is a writer on metaphysical subjects. He was born Febru-
ary 11, 1848, resides at Hempstead, Long Island, N. Y.
Prof. Almy married Annie Bayles, of Port Jefferson,
Polly Ann,* the youngest daughter of Samuel Almy,
*A biographical sketch of Polly Ann Almy Miller was printed on
pp. 208-214 inclusive, in the February number, 1894, of The American
Monthly Afagatine, Washington, D. C.
Tht Almy Family.
born September 16, 1820, married in 1846 Y. WoodhuU
Miller, born 1816, Monroe, Orange County, N. Y. He
was a dry goods merchant at Lodi, Seneca County, N. Y.,
and appointed postmaster by President Franklin Pierce;
v/as an active member of the Methodist Episcopal
Church, and noted for his generosity and integrity. In
October, 1858, moved with his wife and family, consisting
of two sons, James A., Charles K., and daughter, Jennie
Eva, to Dunton (now Arlington Heights), Cook County,
111., where he engaged in the dry goods and grain
shipping business, under the firm name of Dunton & Miller
(afterward Dunton, Miller & Brooks). He was a delegate
from Cook County to the National Republican Convention
in 1860, voting for Abraham Lincoln for presidential can-
didate. In October, 1863, removed with his family to
Chicago, residing at 114^Adams Street (present location of
the Chicago post-office and government building). He
retired from business, and died at Monroe, N. Y., in
His wife united with the First Baptist Church, Chicago,
in October, 1858, by letter from the Farmerville (N. Y.)
Baptist Church. Was one of the seventy women who
organized the Women's Christian Temperance Union of
The Alma Family. 61
Chicago (in 1874), and was also an active member of the
union for nearly fifteen years. This work was interrupted
by changing her residence in 1889 to Washington, D. C,
where she became a member of the National Society of
the Daughters of the American Revolution, the Press
Club, Short Story Club, Travel Club and the National
Mrs. Miller was one of the "fifty women of the Chicago
Women's Christian Temperance Union, chosen to go
before the common council of the city of Chicago, on
Monday evening, March 16, 1874, to present a petition and
protest against legalizing the sale of intoxicating drink on
The following extract, is taken from pp. 103-106
of the book called " A Brave Battle," by Lucia E. F. Kim-
ball, published in 1888.
"A meeting was called for prayer io the Clark Street Methodist
Church, corner of WashiDgtoo Street, Friday afternoon, March 13, 1874.
It was there decided to circulate a petition to the comtnon coaocil
against the repeal of the " Sunday Liquor Ordinance," the closing of the
saloons on the Sabbath. Before the following Monday evening 16,000
names were obtained to the petition by a few devoted women.
Monday afternoon (16th) they gathered again in the Clark Street
Church and for three hours continued in prayer and conference. The
62 The Altny Family.
police refused them protection aod they went ont, two by two, led by
two eroineDt ministers* to the council chamber. At 8 o'clock, when a re-
quest was made by Alderman Campbell to defer for half an hour in order
that the ladies present might have time to present their petition, cries of
"No, no!" greeted the motion. And thee followed a scene which the
pen falters to record as ever having been enacted in a civilized land.
Ribald jests and witless innuendo embellished the speeches of those who
opposed the reception of this petition, and every vestige of manhood
seemed lost in their abject subservience to the interest of the liquor
traffic, albeit its actors were the city fathers set for the keeping of most
sacred trusts. Notwithstanding plea and protest, the amended ordi*
nance opening the saloons on Sunday was passed, twenty-two voting
for it and fourteen against it."
The daughter, Jennie Eva, born Dec. 17, 1854, evinced
marked ability as an elocutionist and artist. She entered
the Hershey-Eddy musicalinstitute, Chicago, as a pupil, in
1877, to cultivate these talents as an amateur.
The eldest son, James Almy, born January 29, 1847, at
Lodi, was married on June 6, 1871, to Eleanor Flower, has
one daughter, Lillian F., born July, 1872; married March
24, 1897, Earl Phelps Bodley. James was receiving teller
in the First National Bank, Chicago, from which
he resigned in 1875 to engage in the fire insurance busi-
*Rev. Arthur Edwards. D. D., Editor Chicago North IVtUern
Christian AJvocate was one of the number
The Almy Family, 6S
ness, and in the year 1880 was the junior partner of the
insurance firm of William G. McCormick & Co— [a nephew
of the late Cyrus H. McCormick]— the firm name, was
afterward changed to James A. Miller & Co. He became
a member of the Chicago, Iroquois, and Illinois Clubs.
Charles Kingsbury Miller, the second son, bora
April 16, 1850, at Lodi, N. Y., married in Cincinnati, Ohio,
December 31, 1879, Matilda, born at Cincinnati, September
0, 1849, eldest daughter of William Smith, editor and pro-
prietor of Cincinnati Price-Current (a weekly commercial
and financial newspaper), and superintendent for many
years of the Chamber of Commerce. Charles K. was en-
gaged in the newspaperand magazine advertising business,
Tribune building, Chicago, under the firm name of Charles
K. Miller & Co.; (but had no partner). After a successful
career he retired from business in the year 1886.
Charles K. is a life member of the Society of Colonial
Wars in the State of Illinois — sixth in lineal descent from
Christopher Almy (born 1633), of Portsmouth, R. I.* Is
also a life member of the Illinois society Sons of the
♦"American Ancestry," Vol. X.. 1895. pp. ft5. 66. Joel Man«eU's
Sons, publishers, Albany, N. Y.
"Annual Register of Officers and Members of the Society of Colon-
ial Wars." New York, 1895, p. 180.
64 The Almy Family.
American Revolution, * and a member of the Union
League Club, Chicago.
Has two children, Arlowe Kingsbury, born at Chicago,
December 7, 1881, and Loris Almy, born at Chicago, May
Dr. Job Almv, born 1782, died at Ogden, N. Y., March
C, 1854. His wife, Philomelia Vibbard, born 1788, died
April 13, 1841. They had five children — Maria, Phoebe,
Arathema, Philip and Harriet. PhcEbe married Henry W.
Gates; she died in 1886. Maria was born in 1809; she was
married to Samuel Whittier, and died in 1891. Arathema
was born in 1826; married M.Wheeler. Harriet was born
in 1830 and married Dr. Moses B. Gillett; she had three
children — Delia M., born 1856; Hattie, was born in 1866;
Frank W., was born in 1850, and died August 20, 1879.
Delia married Edwin B. Hutchinson, September 13, 1873,
resides in Detroit, Mich. They had two children —
William G. Hutchinson, born June 23, 1876; Bessie Adele,
born April 8, 1886; died July 11, 1887.
Philip Greene Almv, born July 10, 1818, at Auburn,
♦"Year Book — Illinois Society, Sons of the American Revolution"
—1896. P. 191.
The Almy Family. 65
N. Y. ; was married to Mary Elizabeth Osburn, September
1, 1846, the daughter of Nehimiah Osburn, one of
Rochester's oldest pioneers, who settled in Rochester in
1821. Philip was a druggist in Rochester and died May
21, 1873; had two sons, Elmer Eugene, born April 28,
1851; Willey Henry, May 15, 1868, and daughter, Sarah
Louise, Dec. 18, 1849. She is an excellent amateur artist in
crayon, was married to W. L. Angevine, February 28,
1867, he died in 1872, and she married Frank J. Stewart.
By first marriage had one son, Harry Osburn Angevine.bom
October 20, 1869; married, March 18, 1896, to Grace Dana
Hall. Mrs. Mary E. Almy married ex-Mayor Michael Filon
in 1884; he died in 1893, and his wife died January 21,
1897. The following notice is from the Rochester Daily
H<rald of January 22, 1897.
"Mrs. Almy-Filon was a lifelong member of the First Methodist
Episcopal church, From her earliest years she had been interested by
personal work in every movement of the church's life, working as a
Sunday school teacher and a member of the ladies' societies of the
church. Her earnest Christian life was a source of edification to all.
Her charities were hidden from the world, although they were many
la early life Mrs. Almy-Filon was prominent in the society of
Rochester, but the infirmities of advancing years caused her to retire
66 The Aimy Family.
from its ranki. The frieads which her amiable dispositioo gained io
her youth were retained in her old age and were added to constantly by
Philip's oldest son, Elmer Eugene, is proprietor of the
New Osburn House, Rochester, a member of the Empire
State Society, Sons of the American Revolution, a Thirty-
second Degree Scottish Rite Mason, Knight Templar, Noble
of the Mystic Shrine, a member of Benevolent and Pro-
tective Order of Elks and the Knights of Pythias.
He was married April 16, 1884, to Nellie Bly Card, of
Rochester. Mrs. Almy has considerable ability as an
artist, possesses a fine soprano voice and has attained local
celebrity as a vocalist.
Willey Henry Almy, second son of Philip, is a member
of the Empire State Society, Sons of the American Revolu-
tion and manager of the two large estates of Nehimiah Os-
burn and Michael Filon. He married Jessie L. Start, April
23, 1887. They have four children — Charles Osburn, born
March 4, 1888; Herbert Eugene, born May 3, 1890; Philip
Girard, born May 29, 1892; Hartwell Start, born August
The Almy Family. «7
Bradford Almy, the son of Quaker parents, was bom at
Newport, R. I., in 1776, died at Ithaca, N. Y., in the year
1828, '< from the effects of wounds received in the battle of
Lundy Lane; he at his death having two bullets in his
body, which the skill of the surgeons at that time were
unable to locate."
His son, Bradford Lakisly Almy, born at Ithaca, N. Y.,
October 19, 1819, died in Enfield, Tompkins Co., N. Y.,
January 12, 1892. His son, Bradford Almy, of Ithaca,
N. v., was born at Enfield, February 10, 1845, is a lawyer
and was elected in November, 1891, to the offices of county
judge and surrogate at Ithaca, N. Y. Married Frances E.
Vant in 1876. Has a daughter, Mabel C. His grand-
mother, who was a Paddock, is said to be a descendant of
Gov. William Bradford, of Massachusetts.
William Almy, Sr., born 1601, died 1676, had a third
son, Job, of Rhode Island; died February, 1684. His son,
also named Job, born March 3, 1681, died January 25,
1767; married Bridget Sanford, died 1766; had son John,
born April 18, 1720, died September 19, ?844; married
Hannah Cook, died 1766, whose son, Sanford, born August
68 The Almy Family.
28, 1759, married Lydia Gray, born 1768, died 1836; they
had son Pardon, born June 18, 1792, died November 2,
1864; married Mary Cook, of Rhode Island^ born June 5,
1799, died February 5, 1856.
She had eight children born between the years 1819 and
1839. The eldest son, Charles, born June 8, 1819, in
Rhode Island, died November 1, 1886; married Mary Ann
Cumniings, born January 6, 1823; had four children, viz.:
Helen Wayne, born August 19, 1847; Charles, born Janu-
ary 23, 1851, and twin sons, Frederic and Francis, born
November 28, 1858; both have resided in Buffalo, N. Y.,
since 1883. Frederic is a practicing lawyer and also secre-
tary of the Charity Organization Society (1895). Francis
is engaged in commercial business.
Charles Almy, (born 1819) held civic offices in New
Bedford, Mass.; was a member of the Massachusetts' State
Legislature and for four terms was the candidate of the
Prohibition party for governor of Massachusetts.
His brother, Pardon, was in the civil war, and died in
the second battle of Bull Run in 1864.
Four of the family are of the Harvard College alumni.
Charles, the eldest son, is a practicing lawyer in Boston,
Mass. Was appointed justice of the Third District Court of
The Almy Family. «»
Eastern Middlesex in 1891. Married in 1882 Helen Jack-
son Cabot, daughter of Dr. Samuel Cabot, of Boston.
They have five children, to wit: Mary, Helen Jackson,
Annie Cabot, Charles and Elizabeth Mason.
From Christopher Almy, born in 1632, there followed
in successive line his descendants, Christopher William,
Job, his son, Job, Tillinghast and Albert H. Humphrey, the
grandfather of Leonard Ballou Almy, M. D., of Norwich,
Mr. Almy, seventh in descent from Christopher Almy,
Sr., is a member of the Society of Colonial Wars, and Sons
of the American Revolution, in the State of Connecticut;
also, chairman of the " Red Cross" committee of the as-
sociation of Military Surgeons of the United States. "The
members of this society wear the red cross by authority of
'General Orders' and the civil branch would come to their
aid in time of war," He is medical director and lieuten-
ant-colonel of the Connecticut National Guard. He mar-
ried Caroline Stowell Webb, June 21, 1876; has two
children, Lydia B., born November 6, 1881, and Marguerite
Leonard, born August 1, 1885.
70 The Almy Family,
In 1765 a village in Massachusetts was named Bedford in
honor of Joseph Russell, a settler who bore the family
name of the Duke of Bedford. The inhabitants were
mostly Quakers. In 1787 it was set off from the old town-
ship of Dartmouth and the word " New " prefixed to dis-
tinguish it from another Bedford in the State. New Bed-
ford became a shire-town in March, 1828, an incorporated
city in 1847. There lived in Rhode Island William Almy,
whose son, Jacob, married Charlotte Sherman — their son,
Holder, born in New Bedford, married Patience Russell
Waddy, who had a son, John Winthrop, born in Newport,
R. I., February 14, 1843. He was an ensign in the
United States Navy, serving from 1861 to 1869, was mar-
. ried twice; by first wife had two sons: Charles Dennison
and John Winthrop. After her death he became manager
of the Gait House, Louisville, Ky., and married in
that city Helen Gordon.^ They have two daughters —
Natalie and Helen Gladys. Reside in New York City.
Tkf Almy Family.
Benjamin Almy, of Newport, R. I., states in his letter
of July 18, 1896 [to the compiler], that "Benjamin Almy,
of Newport, who married Mary Gould (second wife) Octo-
ber 22, 1762, was the grandfather of Thomas Coggeshall
Almy,* who died in December, 1813, and that Thomas'
father, John, married twice. His first wife's maiden name
was Coggeshall, and his second wife was a Gould.
Thomas was issue of first marriage, taking for his middle
name that of Coggeshall."
The records of the United States Navy Department at
Washington show that "Thomas Coggeshall Almy was
appointed a sailing; master, on June 26, 1812, ordered
to report at the New York navy yard, to Capt. Chauncey,
for duty. His acceptance of appointment on July 3, 1812,
is on file in the navy department. The appointment was
*R. Hammett Tilley. genealogist and formerly editor of "The Mag-
azine of New England History," Newport. R. 1., writes April 2. 1895.
that Thomas Coggeshall Almy "was a descendant of Christopher Almy.
born in 1032."
72 The Almy Family,
addressed to him at Newport, R. I., and his acceptance
sworn to before a justice of the peace, named Jonathan
Almy." Lossing's Fieldbook of the War of 1812, Rose-
velt's History of the War 1812, Usher Parson's Discourse
before Rhode Island Historical Society, February 16, 1862,
Sketches of the War 1812 (anon) printed in Rutland,
Vt., 1817, all contain reference to this Thomas Cogg-
eshall Almy. At the age of twenty-one years he was
sailing master of the war vessel Somcrs, joined the
squadron at Newport, R. I., and was transferred to
Lake Erie, where he distinguished himself in Perry's
memorable battle on Lake Erie. He died of pneumonia
at Erie, Penn., three months after the battle. Almy
was presented with a sword for his gallant conduct in the
fight. On one side of the sword was a view of the ships
forming in line of battle, including his own, and on the
other side the motto: ** Aitius ibunt qui ad summa nituntur.'*
£They highest go, who strive to reach the summit.]
The Almy Family. 1%
Sir Ambrose Gifiord, a direct descendant of the Duke
of Buckingham, had a son, Walter, who emigrated from
England to Massachusetts Bay in 1030, and was the found*
er of the American branch of this ancient family. Walter
Gifford had a son, William, whose son, Christopher, had a
son named Enos, and he a son named Elijah. This son,
Elijah, married Deborah Wilbur, of Little Compton, R.
I. They had four sons and four daughters. The
second daughter, Rachael, married Perry Macomber; they
had eight children; their fifth child, Edith G., married
Langworthy Almy, of Portsmouth, R. I.
Langworthy, was the son of Benjamin and Hannah
Tibbits Almy. He served in the war of 1812, and was
elected by the General Assembly to the office of ensign of
the fourth company of infantry, in the town of South
Kingstown, Washington County, Rhode Island. During
the war, this company was called into active service to de*
fend the American ship Whampoo, which was driven
ashore on Boston Neck, R. I., by the British frigate
Orpheus, on the 29th of April, 1813. Among the trophies
obtained after the battle was a British cannon-ball, secured
by Langworthy Almy, and presented by him to Redwood
Library, at Newport, R. I., which is there on exhibition.
74 The Almy Family.
— — ? ;
The five children of Langworthy and Edith Afmy were:
Phebe T., William M., Hannah T., Sarah G,, and Charlotte
E. The second child, William M. Almy, married Genevra ^/
Allen, born in Tiverton, R. lirTThey had six children;
Annie G. and George F., died in infancy,^Genevra M., the , ^
youngest daughter, resides at the home of her parents, in
Fall River, Mass. William F., married Lillian Wilbur;
Rachel B., married Frederick O Dodge and Edith L.,
married Edward S. Raymond, who is engaged in the insur-
ance business at Washington, D. C
G^4Uo , -^ 'V . .^^ / ■• J -^'^-^<- . ^^a"^
"The Almv crest is composed of the breast plate,
cuirass, helmet, buckler, shield, cross, bow and arrows,
turret and keys of castle and leek.
This insignia of rank was the crusader's crown of favor.
It is the regalia of the officer of the crusader and was
granted by the crown of England to this intrepid soldier,
for an act of personal bravery and warlike courage during
the crusader's war.
He was one of those heroic and invincible soldiers who
so valiantly, in the retaking of Jerusalem by the crusaders
The Almy Family. t5
from the infidels, ascended the walls and entering, ud
THE WAY for the besieging army on to victory and glory.
The crest is commemorative of some history of the
family and contains an allusion to the name and office of the
In England the name was written Almy, in Wales,
Almond. The leek is the national emblem of Wales.
Hence it implies that this officer was from Wales and
commanded a company of the V/elsh army, but retained
the English name. This event elicited the attention of
the king's court by whom the honor was transferred, the
officer unv/illing to change his name, was allowed the
request, and it was engraven":
«' By the name of Almy."
IVhithead's East New Jersey, page 45, says :
"The patentees of the large tract, iociudiog Monmoalb Coontjr.
N. J., were: [here follows the name of Walter Clarke and a list of
eleven others] and their associates were: [then follows an additional list
of Mventyoine names, among whom are] Christopher Almy, Job Almy,
76 The Almy Family,
Richard Bordea, Bartholomew West, John Coggeshall, William Coding*
ton and Henry Ball. A majority of the above individual*, it is supposed,
did not become actual settlers, but the descendants of many of them are
yet to be found residing within the boundary of the patent. This patent
was granted April 8, 1G65; it led to the settlement of Middletown and
Sbewsbury: was disallowed by the Duke of York, but subsequently Gov.
Carterret and council compromised with the claimants, who received
individual grants for their lands." [As per pp. 46 and 47 of the same
book (Whiibead'g) ].
Hon. William Hunter, L. L. D., delivered an address
before the Redwood Library and Athenaeum at Newport,
R. I., on their centennial anniversary, August 24, 1847,
from which the following extract is taken as printed in Vol.
H., pp. 135 and 136, of "National Historical Magazine,"
Rhode Island :
"To this general West India trade I have already adverted. The
trade to Honduras was principally conducted by ' ' Friend " Almy, the an-
cestor of William Almy, a native of this island, who showed himself in
later times, in conjunction with Slater and the venerable Moses Brown,
to be as energetic io manufacturing enterprise as bis ancestor bad been
The Almy Family. 77
From the revolution of 1688 England wat either constantly at war
with France and Spain or in expectation or preparation for it. Rnmor*
affecting the stocks and commercial speculations were constanllj preva-
lent. Almy bad (our considerable vessels at the Bay of Hondaraa.
They greatly outstaid their time; a French or Spanish war had either
broken out or was deemed inevitable. No insurance (or at minoos
rates) could be procured; the strong, and in general, calm mind of Almy
was disturbed — nearly bis all was at stake.
His friend, Godfrey Malbone, Sr., at their club — aye! clnb, for
Rhode Island found the Gould's, the Scott's, the Richardson's and Robin-
son's at that day were neither antisocial nor ascetic — rallied him upon his
low spirits, and upon being distinctly told the cause, which be before pre-
sumed, ofiered his bond for the full amount of the value of the vessels,
cargoes, outfits, etc. The ofier was accepted, the bond was duly exe-
cuted, Almy was indemnified from loss and bis overanxiety of mind re-
lieved. Malbone's share in the transaction was at the time deemed be-
yond measure, vast and extravagant. What was, however, a mere in-
demnity to Almy proved a large increase of fortune to Malbone. A few
days after one of the vessels arrived and brought intelligence of the
rest. They all arrived and anchored safely in the harbor."
Extract from letter of J. O. Austin, Providence, R. I.,
March 26, 1895, to the compiler:
' ' I have no question at all that ' ' Friend " Almy, referred to by Wm.
Hunter, meant that of his being a friend, i. e., Quaker. As to identify-
ing the William (Almy) of hardware trade, I have not the local knowl-
edge to do it, and so have sent your letter to Dr. Henry E. Tomer, of
78 The Almy Family.
Newport, president Newport Historical Society, particularly well ac-
quainted with sverytbing touching Newport and Portsmouth. • • *"
Dp.. Henrv E. Turner, Newport, R. I., who is a direct
descendant of William Almy, born 1601, through his
daughter, Ann Almy-Greene, wrote April 14, 1895 (to the
compiler), as follows : " I will endeavor to give you what
light I have been able to get on the points in which you are
interested, which from the very imperfect state of our
[public] records, are very difficult of elucidation.
The William, to whom William Hunter refers, was
his own contemporary, William Almy, of Providence, well
known in all my early life, as one of the wealthiest citizens
of Providence, he was born in Portsmouth, R. I., February
1, 1761, and died at Providence, February 5, 1836. He
married Sarah Brown, daughter of Moses and Ann, June
6, 1789. This William, if I am right, did not come trom
Christopher, as Mr. Hunter supposes, but from his brother
Job, thus : William, wife Audry, Job, wife Mary Unthank.
Job, born March 3, 1681 ; died January 25, 1767 ; married
Bridget Sanford, daughter of Gov.Pelegand Mary, Decem-
ber 6, 1705. Job, born May 16, 1722, married, first, Alice
1744, second, Kath. Slocum, daughter of Peleg (Dart-
mouth). William, born February 1, 1761 ; died February
6, 1836. His daughter, Anna, born September 1, 1790,
The Almy Family. 7»
married William Jenkins, of Providence, July 17, 1833, and
she was burned to death November 20, 1849, in the con*
flagration of their mansion, in Behefit Street, Providence,
together with her daughter, Sarah Brown Jenkins, age 22
years. I have reason to believe that my conclusions as
herein expressed, approach accuracy. I have given it a
great deal of time and research, and trust it may contribute
to your satisfaction. I believe I have all the material
accessible or ever likely to be so."
From the Newport, R. I., " Historical Magazine," p.
218: "Tiverton, R. I., town records, names of those that
were inhabitants of Tiverton, when it was made a town,
by order of court, bearing date March 2, 1692," contain
the names of Christopher Almy and William Almy. Ibid.
p. 161. "Gov. Samuel Cranston was Walter Clarke's
nephew." "John Coggeshall was a justice Decem-
ber 11, 1688." ' . r^
80 The Altny Family.
'♦Sir Edmund Andros, arrested, at Newport, R. I.,
August 3, 1689, and confined in Lieut.-Col. Peleg Sanford's
house, corner Broad and Farwell Streets." "Peleg San-
ford was judge of court of admiralty in the colony of
Rhode Island, June 26, 1697." •' By his daughter, Catha-
rine, who married James Gould, Walter Clarke [governor
of Rhode Island] was the ancestor of many of the prominent
people in Newport and Providence, among whom are
Ellery's, Brinley's, Johnston's and Almy's."
From Newport (R. I.) town records : births.
Sarah Almv, daughter of Christopher and Mary, Janu-
uary 26, 1706 or 1707.
Christopher Almy, son of Christopher and Mary, June
John, son of John and Anstice, July 9, 1718.
Anstice son of John and Anstice, August, 7, 1720.
Marv, daughter of John and Anstice, Februarys, 1721
Benjamin, son of John and Anstice, December 16, 1724.
Tht Almv Family. 81
Christopher Almy, Jr., married Mary, 8, 1705.
job, son of Job, Portsmouth, married to Bridget San<>
ford, daughter of Peleg, Newport, December 6, 1705.
John Almy married to Anstice Ellery, August 30, 1716.
Christopher, son of Job, married to Elizabeth, of TiTcr-
ton, April 80, 1720.
Benjamin, son of John and Anstice, married to Sarah
Coggeshall, daughter of Thomas and Sarah, May 22, 1751.
Benjamin Almy, married Mary Gould, second wife,
October 22, 1762.
Capt. Job Almy, of Newport, and Ann , married by
Giles Slocum, assistant; March — , 1696.
Christopher Almy, Jr., son of Christopher and Eliza-
beth, married Joanna Slocum, March — , 1696.
Job Almy, of Portsmouth, married Kath. Slocum, Sep-
tember 2, 1766.
"Holder Almy (of Portsmouth) was son of Job, of
Newport, and Hannah Brownell, daughter of Stephen, of
Portsmouth, married by William Anthony, justice, Octo-
ber 10, 1766; married Sarah Lawton, October 13, 1875.
Must be second wife.
"Jacob, son of Holder, married Charlotte Sherman,
daughter of Richard, December 6, 1804. '•
The Almy Family.
"Gkn. Nathanibl Greene, son of N. G. and Mary Moth
(second wife), born July 27, 1742. His father, Nathaniel
Greene, born , was a Quaker preacher of Warwick;
married April 18, 1739, (his second wife). Vol. V., p. 34.
\^Vide Vital Records of R. I., Vol. I., 1636 to 1660].
The Newport, R. I., Historital Magazine, edited and
published by Henry E. Turner, 1880-81, Vol. I. No. 1,
p. 17, contains the following item:
"Mrs. Mary (Gould) Almy, daughter of James and Mary [RathbunJ
Gould, the wife of Benjamin Almy, was the great granddaughter of
Gov. Walter Clarke, of Rhode Island. (This) Mrs. Almjr owned tba
quill Gen. Washington slept under. " It was made by Miss Anstis*
EUery who married John Almy." This Anstiss Ellery was the mother
of above named Benjamin Almy, granddaughter of James and Catharine
Ibid — p. 17 — says:
"Mrs. Mary Gould Almy, while her husband, Benjamin Almy, was
with Gen. Sullivan's besieging army before Newport, and she, with her
children, were in the beleaguered city, wrote a journal of the siege of
Newport, R. I., August, 1778, giving an account (which is printed oa
The Almy Family. 8S
pages 18 to 80 in the hittorital Magatine^, of the commanding of the
French fleet, by Count D'Estaign at Newport while in potse««ion of lb*
British army. July 29. 1778."
Page 18 of same journal has the ptinted endorsement
of Mrs. E. Trowbridge Ellery, to-wit:
" My blessed mother, Mrs. Mary Almy's account of the comraanding
of the French fleet. Count D'Estaign on Newport. R. I., while in posses-
sion of the British Army. July 29, 1778."
Mrs. Almy's first letter to her husband (Benjamin) is
dated September 2, 1778. The narrative of the progress of
the siege is embraced in a series of twenty-eight (28) let-
ters written by her (to her husband) between the dates of
July 29 and August 24, 1778.
The following excerpt is taken from one of her letters
printed on page 24 in the Historical Magazine. In a letter
of Friday, August 7, 1778, during the siege, she says:
i.# » \Yg were making our way to Church's house, and be-
fore we came to Jemmy [James] Coggeshall's — that (war) ship, after
giving a broadside [shot], passed • • * Cousin Coggeshall's. and,
seeing our movements, came to our assistance. • * *."
The Historical Sketch of Newport, R. I., by James T.
Taylor & Co., New York, 1842, p. 182 says:
"Rev. William Ellery Channing, D. D., of Boston, is a native of
Newport. His [Cbanning's] grandfather was the late William
84 Tht Aimy Family,
Ellery, al»o » native of Newport, R. I.; a leoator of the United State*
io the first congress, and one of the signers of the Coostitation."
From "Vital Records of Rhode Island, 1636 to 1660,
by James N. Arnold, 1891."
Vol. IV., p. 4, (Newport) has: Almy, son of Job, married by
Samuel Cranston, governor, December 6, 1708. Ibid. John Almy and
Anstice Ellery married August — , 1716. ,
Vol. I., p. 80: Job Almy, Justice of Peace, March 3, 1674-75.
Vol. I. Mary Almy married John Greene, of Warwick, December
8, 1739. (?) Was this Anna Almy ? [Ann Almy, born 1627, married
about the year 1618, John Greene, of Warwick (born 1620). — Compiler.]
Vol. IV., p. 2: Sarah W. Almy married Nathan Simons, March
17, 1840. '
Vol. II., p. 208: Annab Evans Almy, daughter of Benjamin R. and
Hannah Evans, was born April 22, 1843.
From " Records of Marriages, Rhode Island, 1628 to
Vol. I., p. 88: William Almy, fined Is., 6d., June 14. 1631, for tak-
ing Mr. Glover'scanoe without permission, (page 44); fined 10s. and dis-
charged July 1, 1638.
Ibid. p. 122: Fined 10s. July 1, 1684, for not appearing at last court,
being summoned and is enjoined to bring to next court an inventory of
the goods be received of Edward Johnson's, duly prized by indifferent
From "A Genealogical Dictionary of the Virst Settlers
The Almy Family. 85
of New England — Those who came before May, 1892, by
Jamet Savage, 1860."
Vol. I., p. 46: Jobo Almy, Captain io King Philips' war, 1875.
From "Memoirs of American Governor's," by Jacob
Bailey Moore (Gates and Steadman), New York, 1848.
Vol. I., pp. 348 45, tays: Spring, 1680, a fleet of foarteen vessels
was got ready to sail. Jobo Wintbrop embarked on board Arbella, one
of the principal sbips at Soatbampton, in March. It was detained by
wind at Cowes and again at Yarmouth. Before leaving Yarmooth, signed
an address on April?. Sailed after this date (on April 8,) f rom Yarmoatb,
seventy-six days' journey; arrived oS Cape Ann, Saturday, June 12, 1630.
at' 4 o'clock A. M., and on the following day sighted the harbor of Salem
(Mass.) and disembarked on July 8. A day of thanks was kept for the
safe arrival of the fleet. The fleet contained about 840 passengers, of
various occupations, some of whom were from the west of England, bnt
most from the neighborhood of London. Came over at same time,
Isaac Johnson, Sir Richard Saltonstall, William Coddington, Thomas
Dudley and others.
Also in the " Life and Letters of John Winthrop, by Rob-
ert C. Winthrop, Boston, 1867," on p. 21, is given the date
of sailing of vessels and their arrival in New England.
"The ship Abigail, in June, 1628, set sail with John
Endicott and wife and one hundred colonists; landed at
86 The Almy Family.
[It was either on April 10, 1829, or, in April 1680, that William
Almy, of Belinden Parish, England, born 1601, made hit first voyage to
America. — Compiler. ]
From the "Annual Register of officers and members of
the Society of Colonial Wars, New York, January, 1896."
"Rolaz Horace Gallatin, eighth in descent from Col. Job Almy
deputy from Warwick to the colonial assembly of Rhode Island, 1670-
72. Commissioner to treat with the Indian sachems, May 7, 1078."
" R. Hoiace Gallatin, eldest son of Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Gallatin,
of New York, is a descendant of Albert Gallatin, who, next to Alexander
Hamilton, had of all men most to do in shaping the financial policy of
the United States."— From the Chicago Daily Tribune, July 30. 1895.
Extract from a letter received from Miss Hen-
rietta C. Ellery, dated Newport, R. I., March 26, 1805 :
"My cousin, Conrad C. Ellery, of Auburn, Me., died, so I am in-
formed, at the house of Col. Burrill, when he was on a visit in Auburn,
Mass., early this m )nth. # » Ex-mayor, Thomas Coggeshall
(of this city) is the son of Alice Almy, sister of Rear Admiral John J.
Almy, United States Navy. He has a son residing in New York, Dr.
The following interesting account of an historic home-
stead is reprinted from the Newport, R. I., Daily News,
of June 11, 1895 :
"The recent sale of the Coe estate on Thames Street, will mark •
Tkf A imy Family. 87
Bew era io ao' eatate Ibat hat been promloeat in Newport hiatory for
nearly two bandred years. • • • Tbe eatate ia part of tb«
Breotoo homestead. William Brenton came to Newport in 1088. It ia
dnderatood that the bouse now on tbe estate waa bailt in 1730. Tbe
-boDse was op to tbe highest standard of tbe day — was honestly bnilt and
of the best materials, and has come down to as in a good state of preserva-
tion. Tbe bouses of 1720 were rich in details, and tbe balls were made
a beautiful feature, for they were broad and ran through from front
to rear. Tbe house was undoubtedly built by tbe eldest son of Gov.
William Brenton, who was a collector of the port under Queen Anne of
England, and used this bouse as his office. Tbe homestead went to bia
nephew, who occupied it, entertaining extensively, until 1767. Daring
a portion of tbe (American) Revolution, and for several years afterward,
the house was occupied by Mr. and Mrs. Lenjamin Almy. and in 1790
they there entertained Gen. Washington. In 1787, the estate was sold
to George Irish, who re-sold to Capt. Jacob Smith, who, in 1800, dis-
posed of the property to Ebenezer Burrill, who three years later sold it
to Walter Channing. It then became known as tbe Cbanning boose,
and in 1817, Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry was a tenant of the house.
Tbe next owner of the property was Hugh Swinton Ball, of
Charleston, S. C. (who married Mr. Channing's youngest daughter).
Tbe bouse was sold in 1883 to Theodore Phinney, and by him in 1842,
to George Eogs, and a few years later passed into the bands of Adana
S. Coe, from whom it acquired its modern name. Its next purchaser
was Daniel T. Swinburne, whose heirs transferred it to P. H. Horgan
and Edward Newton. For many years it has been occupied by the
United States engineers. The estate is in the heart of the bnsinesa
88 The Altny Family.
portion of the city, aod has becD frequently spoken of as a most de-
sirable location for the new city ball."
From the Ovid, N. Y., Bee, February, 1863:
"Jane Rappleye-Almy, the wife of Capt. Samuel Almy [called cap-
tain after the war of 1813], the founder of the village of FarmerviUe,
to whom she was married in 1801, died at the residence of ber son, Ita,
on the 2d inst. Mrs. Almy was one of the oldest residents of
this section of the country. She came here in childhood with her
parents from New Jersey in 1797, by way of Mohawk river, then the only
open way of immigration. She left three sons in FarmerviUe, two
daughters in Chicago, and a large number of relatives, who are among
the oldest inhabitants, her brother, William Rappleye, being the oldest
person in the town. Mrs. Almy was one of the five original members of
the Baptist church organized in 1819."
A letter written by Conrad C. EUery from Auburn, Me., to
Ira Almy, FarmerviUe, N. Y., July 6, 1883, says that Ira and
himself are cousins, and that his, (Conrad's,) grandfather,
William EUery, signed the Declaration of Independence
of the United States 107 years ago. Also mentioned that
the silk quilt, which Ex-presidents George Washington and
Rutherford B. Hayes once slept under, is in his possession
and owned by him for 40 years. [Compiler.]
Extract from the National Year Book, p. l73, 1895,
National Society Sons of the American Revolution:
"On October 19, (1894). at the Auditorium Hotel, Chicago, a dinner
The Almy Family, 89
was given by the lUinoii Society (Yorklown Day), at which the Chicago
Cootioental Guard appeared for the first time id foil continental oni-
form. On this occasion the guard was presented with a beautiful stand
of silk colors, Sag and guidons, the gift of Charles Kingsbury Miller.
The following excerpt is taken from the Chicago Daily Inter Ocean of
Octobe* 20: In the course of the presentation speech Mr. Miller said:
"* * * The fiag as designed, was adopted by the Continental
congress and recognized by an act of legislation as the national stand-
ard in 1877. • » • After this occurrence, at the siege of
Yorktown, Geu's. Rocbambeau and La Fayette participated in the
achievement of an immortal victory. Could there pass before your eyes
this evening, the stirring historical events, which have transpired from
the time of the heroic struggle of our ancestors for their rights, on the
Revolutionary grounds at Lexington, to the close of our civil war for
the prsservation of the union, on the battle-field at Appomattox, yoa
would behold this triumphant flag for nearly a century, leading the way
to honor and national supremacy, its cluster of stars and shining folds
waving in undiminished glory. * » "
From the Spirit of '76, New York City :
"A* a general court of the Society of Colonial Wars, State of Illi-
nois, held on April 27 (1895), at Chicago, a national flag committee of
three was appointed, and Charles Kingsbury Miller chosen as secretary.
The object is patriotic, its purpose being to obtain national legislation to
prevent the misuse of the national flag of the United States from dese-
cration." [Vide pamphlet, thirty-two pages, printed July 4, 1895, Chi-
cago. ' 'The Misuse of the National Flag of the United States of America,
an appeal to the LIV. Congress of the United States."]
'pHE de Rapaly6 family, from which the numeroas
branches in the United States are descended, was
prominent in Bretagne, France, where, as early as the
eleventh century, it possessed large estates and ranked
among the arriere-ban of the French nobility. Some of
its members were distinguished as military leaders in the
crusades, others were celebrated for political eminence
92 Th« Rappleye Family.
and professional talent, and all seem to have acquired a
reputation for independence, firmness and integrity.
Like most names, de Rapaly^ has varied its orthography
with its change of country.* Thus, we find it sometimes
written de Rappailego, then in Holland it was natural for
the Dutch to write j for y, Rapaljd; and in the United
States there is a tendency to contract, so that in some
parts of the country the name is written Rappleyea, Rap-
lee, Rapalyea, Rapaley, Rappeley, Rappley, Rapley,
Rapalje, Raplej^, Rappelje, Rappalyee, Rappalye, and even
Raply; but through all its changes and gradations it is
traced back to the common source, de Rapaly($, of France.
Gaspard Colet de Rapaly^ was bornf early in the
sixteenth century at Chatillon, sur Loire, France, just ten
years before the accession of Francis \. to the throne.
His birthplace is noted in history as the rendezvous of
reformers and headquarters of the Prostestants. It waa
also the birthplace of another Gaspard, the great Admiral
Coligny, of Huguenot fame.
There is no period in history so replete \vith interest for
*Tbe name Rapaly^ appears in AmericaD records spelled io sixteen
differeni ways. ["American Ancestry," Albany, N. Y., 1895. Vol. X.,
tin the year 1505.
Tht Rappleye Family. %%
the whole world as is that of the renaissance of literature
and the arts which, under the fostering care of Francis I.
and his intellectual and enthusiastic sister, Queen Marga>
ret of Navarre, took such impetus that, notwithstanding
the rashness of the warlike monarch and the incessant wars
and political complications which harrassed the kingdom,
its progress has never been stayed.
It was an age of courtesy and gallantry; it was the time
when the French language was enriched by Villon, and
Clement Marot, with whom Colonel Gaspard Colet de
Rapaly6 was contemporary; and when the wars which
raged, from time to time, between Charles V. of Spain and
the King of France, tended to develop all that was bold
and courageous in the soldier. Col. Colet de Rapaly^ was
in sympathy, too, with such reformers as Berquin and Le-
clerc, the scholarly courtier, and the learned wool carder,
who suffered martyrdom for their faith; his comrades in
arms were Cond^ and Coligny; and their teachers, Farrel,
Saunier and Calvin, his countryman, and only four years
In 1545, worn with long military service and covered
with glory and honor, we find him, two years before the
death of Francis I., a colonel of infantry.* About the year
"Appointed colonel December 23, 1545.
94 Th« Rappleyt Family.
1543 a man came one day to Meaux, France, bringing with
him a bible which had been translated into the French
language. He preached faithfully, and diligently spread
the word of God among the people, so that in a short time
the place became one of the most orderly in thb country.
Decrees were issued forbidding the reading of the bible,
and denouncing as heretics those who assembled after the
day's work was done to worship God according to their
own consciences. Notwithstanding this, prayer meetings
were nightly and secretly held, and the new religion began
to spread throughout the kingdom; the priesthood com-
plained that people stayed away from mass to read the
bible; intrigues were started at the Vatican, Catherine de
Medici, the Pope's niece, was betrothed to Prince Henry,
and the leaven against Protestantism was set. On the
other hand, Queen Margaret, of Navarre, at heart a Pro-
testant, befriended the new religion and protected its ad-
herents; printing presses were at work, and the bible, in a
language the people could understand, was secretly dis-
As the new religion spread and obtained a foothold in
the kingdom, its adherents strove for political recognition,
and then there arose a new party, denominated Huguenots.
The Rappleye Family. fft
In time, nearly a quarter of the population in France were
protestants, and the party became a formidable menace to
the Church of Rome.
Francis I., who, though a Catholic, was always liberal
and even indulgent, had passed away;* Queen Margaret
was no longer a power at the French Court, Henry bad
abjured the protestant religion, and he too, was dead,t
and Catherine de Medici, as regent of France, carried out
the plans of the Vatican at Rome. Cardinal Lorraine
issued a decree for the extermination of the Hugenots, and
Catherine undertook to persuade her son, the wavering,
feeble-minded Charles IX., to sign it. He hesitated long,
often changed his mind, but at last his mother's power-
ful will controlled the poor lad, and he put his signature
to the edict that deprived the kingdom of many of its best
subjects. Not less than two hundred noblemen were
slain on the eve of Saint Bartholomew, August 24, 1573, in
the courtyard of the palace. Admiial Coligny was attacked
in his bedroom by the emissaries of the Prince of Guise;
he was killed and his body thrown from the window
*Fraacis I., died March 81, 1&47.
t Henry II. (son of Francis I.), reigned from 1547 antil bit death.
July 28. 1559.
96 The Rappleyt Family.
into the court beneath; then the Prince of Guise spurned
it with his foot and ordered the body to be beheaded.
King Charles IX. never recovered from the shock of the
massacre, and on his deathbed complained to his nurse,
herself a protestant, that his weak assent to the atrocity
had blighted his life.
Henry of Navarre, one of the leaders of the Huguenots,
publicly abjured the protestant faith, and after his acces-
sion to the throne as Henry IV., he published the Edict of
Nantes, on April 15, 1598. Then followed the religious
wars which rent the fair land of France and agitated the
whole civilized world. Those protestants who escaped the
cruel massacre of Saint Bartholomew fled the country, and
among these the de Rapaly^ family. Naturally they turned
to Switzerland, where Calvin had been the dominant spirit
for many years, and where he had instituted that ecclesias-
tical organization of protestantism not yet begun in
France, and to the Netherlands, where the family subse-
quently acquired large possessions.
The seal of the Huguenots had on it a representation
of an anvil surrounded by broken hammers and this legend :
" Hammer away, ye hostile bands;
Your hammers break, ^
God's anvil stands."
The Rappleye Family. »7
In 1648, about a year after the death of the monarch he
served so well, Col. de Rapt.ly^ was deprived of his military
commission by Henry II., and he fled to Holland with
others of his family.*^
The insurrection at Bordeaux, against the gabel, or salt
tax, was at its height ; La Rochelle, a stronghold of the
Rapaly6 family, was in sympathy with the revolting prov-
inces, and that, added to the fact that Col. de Rapaly^ had
embraced protestantism, may suffice to explain the action
of King Henry II.
In Antwerp, Col. de Rapalyd married a daughter of
Abram Janssen, a celebrated dramatic painter of that city.
Breckie, a daughter of this marriage, married her
cousin, V. H. Janssen, in 1569, and their son, Abram Jans-
sen, was a celebrated Dutch painter.
But the Huguenots had little peace in the country of
their adoption. Like the first settlers of New England,
this proscribed race, called in Holland ''Walloons," had
been driven from their homes by religious persecution, but it
had been of a fierce and more relentless kind than that
waged against the English Puritans.
*Gi£rord't History of France says, "500,000of the beat families fled
from France during the persecutions."
08 The Rappltye Family.
Their industry and intelligence made them a desirable
people, but they formed a class sharply distinct from the
mass of the people by whom they were surrounded.
Speaking French that was even then quaint and old, pro-
fessing the protestant or reformed religion, they were a
marked race, out of place among the Spanish and Flemish
subjects of King Philip II., whose cruel persecution drove
them finally into the freer southern Netherlands. There
they settled for a time, seeking, by industry and remarka-
ble skill, to retrieve the fortunes they had lost in France.
But many of them longed for a country they could call
their own and the enjoyment of that liberty of conscience
which could never be acquired in a country ruled over by
a Catholic sovereign. They craved the blessing of per-
manence and security which home alone can give.
Naturally they turned to the New World as a haven of
rest, and made preparations to emigrate.
In 1609 the Dutch East India Company, hoping to find
a northern passage to India shorter than that around the
Cape of Good Hope, sent Henry Hudson, an Englishman,
in command of the "Half-Moon," on an exploring expedi-
tion. How successful he was in discovering the North
River all the world knows, and doubtless the Company
The Rappleye Family. 99
found the fur trade of America quite as lucrative as the
spices of the Indies.
In 1614 the territory discovered by Hudson and Block
was formally named New Netherlands. Agents were kept
in the new colony to trade with the Indians and at regular
intervals ships came from Amsterdam to bring supplies
and carry back the pelts.
In 1618 the charter of the Company expired, and in
1621 the Dutch West India Company was organized and
obtained from the States-General of Holland the exclusive
privilege to trade and plant colonies on any part of the
American coast, from the Straits of Magellan to the ex-
According to Hazard's State Papers, it appears that
Fort Amsterdam, in New Netherlands, cost the company
4,172 guilders 10 stuyvers, and that New Netherlands (the
province) cost 412,800 guilders and 11 stuyvers.
"The government of this commercial and inilitar}' mo-
nopoly was intrusted to a board of nineteen directors called
the College of the XIX., of which Amsterdam furnished
eight, Zealand four, the Maas tivo. North Holland two,
Frieslaad and Groningen two, and the States-General one.'""
*Peter Stuyvesant (" Makers of America"), by Tuckerman.
100 The Rappleye Family. .
Through Sir Dudley Carletoa the Walloons of the
Netherlands " applied to King James and the Virginia
Company for permission to emigrate to Virginia, but only
unsatisfactory conditions were offered them."
"The West India Company, hearing of their application,
made them tempting offers which they accepted, and they
sailed in the ship, the New Netherlands, under command
of Capt. Cornelis Jacobse Mey."
It was in the spring of 1623 that the first agricultural
colonists were sent out from Holland in the ship New
Netherlands, and in the same year the ship Unity was dis-
patched with several Walloon or Protestant families,
eighteen of whom settled at Fort Orange. They bought
lands at the Waal-Bogt, now Wallabout Bay, the site of
the United States navy yard, on Long Island.
Among the passengers on the Unity from Holland, was
Joses Janssen or Joris Janssen de Rapalj^, one of the pro-
scribed Huguenot race, formerly of La Rochelle, France,
and his wife, Catalyntie, daughter of Joris Frisco. Madame
de Rapalj6 was born in Paris in 1606 and died in New
Netherlands, September 11, 1689.
Joris Janssen de Rapalj6 was a grandson of Col. Gas-
pard Colet de Rapaly^, and was born August 24, 1672.
The Rappleye Family. 101
M. de Rapalj6 settled at Fort Orange, a trading post,
now Albany, and here his daughter, Sarah, the first white
child born in New Netherlands, saw the light on June
In later years Sarah figures in history as the first pen>
sion hunting widow on the American continent.
As the ancestor of the old patroon families of Bergen,
Bogart and Polhemus, Sarah Rapalj^ must, of necessity,
occupy considerable space in this sketch of of the Rappleye
"First Pension-Hunting Widow,
thb claim of sakah rapalyx and thb dangerous precedent tuat
it established. . ^'
Just now the president of tbe United States, [Grover Cleveland,] is
examining and vetoing widows' claims for pensions, says a writer in the
Brooklyn (N. Y.) Eagle. There is an honest difference of opinion as to
the justice of thus invoking the executive prerogative in defense of the
treasury, but with that we have nothing to do other than to ose it for a peg
upon which to hang a historical incident. Widows are credited by many
married men and most bachelors with possessing superlatively winning
ways. True it is that they present more strikingly novel claims forcon«
sideration in support of their demands for treasury pay than the most
original tramp who personates a long-since deceased soldier. One of
the widows whose hopes were recently crushed by the unsentimental
president remembered in her eightieth year of widowhood that her bat-
The RappUyt Family.
band fell out of a baggage-wagon one day and probably hurt bimtelf.
He never found it out, but that was only a little obstacle for a determined
widow. Another widow discovered eight years after the late lamented'*
demise that be had been struck by a piece of shell in the foot and side and
thus contracted neuralgia of the heart. At the date of the alleged
wounding the husband was absent from his company on leave of absence
in consequence of a real old-fashioned dose of fever and ague, and the
poor man never to his dying day imagined that he was a scarred boro
who had marks of two fragments of shells upon his mangled body. But
the widow discovered it, probably aided and advised for a consideration
by an astute pension agent. But these modern female petitioners are
not up to the standard by a long way. They are more than two hun-
dred years behind the age, and were outdone by the very first woman
who tried her hand at a petition fur a pension, and that woman also was a
Brooklyn woman, and, more, she was the first white person born in New
Amsterdam, or, for the matter of that, on the American continent north
of Virginia. The story is illustrative of the old saw, that there is nothing
new under the sun, save the spectacle of a man paying a forgotten loan.
The old patroon families of Bergens, Bogarts, and Polhemuses glory
in being the lineal descendants of Sarah Rapalye, the first born of Joris
Janssen de Rapa'ye, the first settler in Brooklyn, who got possession of a
tract of land at the Wallabout. Sarah, it-is claimed, was born in Brook-
lyn, or what was earlier, Williamsburg, but this appears to be an error,
for this remarkable lady was born at Fort Orange, (Albany) on June 9,
1625. One year later, Joris Janssen Rapalye, removed to New Amster-
dam, where be remained until the eleventh, and last child was born, when
he took his large family to the Wallabout, where he had 400 acres of
The Rappltye Family. lOt
land given bim by tbe Dntcb West India company. It waa ia 16S0 that
tbe grandmotbar of all tbe Rapalyes, Bergens, Polbemoaea and Bogarta
crossed over to Wallabout. In 1689 sbe bad married Hana Hansen
Bergen, tbe progenitor of tbe Bergens wbo spread over Long Island and
New Jersey. Hans Bergen settled on tbe Rennegaconck farm, with hia
wife's parents. Tbe United States marine hospital now occopiea the
site. Hans Hansen Bergen, whose pet name among bis neighbors was
Hans tbe Boer, obtained a patent for an additional 400 acres of land at
Rennegaconck, which carried bis possessions from the treek of that
name emptying into tbe Waale-bocbt to what is now Division Avenoe.
Hans was a tobacco-planter and a crony of Gov. Van Twiller. When
he passed to his reward. In 16M, his good wife was so well disposed
toward tbe married state that sbe lost no time in providing a new father
for her six children, and Theunis Gysbert Bogaert was the fortunate
Although Sarah was descended from a line of French Hognenota.
her father and mother both being Parisians, her lifelong association
with tbe thrifty Hollanders and her years of wifehood with Hans the
Boer, appear to have imbued her with quite a Dutch eye for the main
chance. Anyway, a year after making Tbeunis Bogasrt happy sbe con-
ceived the idea of getting a pension, and even went a step further; she
wanted to be relieved of taxation. Sarah did not want fleeting gold ia
monthly pittances. She wanted good, old-fashioned real estate, and to
that end sbe memorialized the governor and council in 1656, petitioning
that a piece of land 400 acres in extent, adjoining tbe farm she lived
upon at tbe VVallabont, be granted to her. She complained that certain
grasping neighbors who bad pieces of land of their ewn, per-
104 The RappUye Family.
sisted io mowing on the meadow, and the honest Haot Bergen not having
enjoyed the distinction of fighting in anj war recently wound op, she
set bar claim upon the ground that she was a widow and was burdened
with seven children. If the council would give her the 400 acres and
remit the taxes she thought she could get along. The lady, like many
other ladies betore and since, was absent-minded and neglected to state
that her days of widowhood had closed their mournful engagement a
year and a half before, and that one of the said seven children, of this
forlorn widow with 400 acres of her own, was Aarije, the first born to her
second husband, Theunis Bogiert, baptized on December 19, 1665. But
in 1635, as in 1686, a slight omission of so little consequence was not
taken into consideration, when by granting the prayer of a petitioner, the
legislators got solid with the constituents, living contiguous to the party
The forlorn widow got her 400 acres, but the council refused to re-
mit the taxes. As soon as the English kindly relieved the Dutch of all
further worry about their American possessions, good old Mr. Bogaert
had this 400 acres and the 4U0 belonging to Bergen's children — his step-
children — conferred upon himself, and the records fail to show that
either of the six young Bergens ever got any of the property. Sarah
Rapalye-Bergen-Bogaert lived to the age of sixty-nine, and passed away
suddenly, having twelve children, six by each husband, and to-day tha
descendants of this remarkable woman, the first born in Dutch-American
possessions, and the original pension hunting widow, are as many as the
children of Abraham of old."
M. De Rapalj6 remained at Fort Orange but three
' The Rappltye Family. 105
years. Id 1636 he removed to New Amsterdam, now New
York, and the rallying center for the proscribed Huguenots
Peter Minuit, a Huguenot, had been sent out by the
West India Company to organize permanently the prosper-
ous young colony, and he soon mustered around the new
Block House, on Manhattan, over which he presided, a
number of families of French and Dutch extraction, and
made the Huguenots as welcome in New Amsterdam as
they had ever been in Holland. These Huguenots and
Walloons were well equipped, both physically and men-
tally, for the laborious task of founding a substantial
colony. "The ablest, most cultivated and philosophic
minds had exercised their best efforts in developing the
character and purposes of the puritan and the pilgrim."
Common schools and universities had been open to all the
people in Holland before the settlement of New York or
New England. The people of Holland had been obliged
to beat back both the waves of the ocean and the hordes
of Spain, rescuing their land from Neptune and their liber-
ties from Philip the Second. Their declaration of rights
was copied by the English bill of rights, and incorporated
in our Declaration of Independence, and their scheme of
106 Thi RappUyt Family.
Federal Union was the model upon which our Republic
was constructed. I
Having themselves suffered from persecution, the
Dutch settlers of New Amsterdam were remarkable for
their freedom from bigotry. They had a law under which
no other sect than the Episcopal could build churches
within the limits of the ctiy ; but they rescued the first
Catholic missionary who came to New York, and refused to
give him up, though the savages threatened to attack the
white settlements j they paid the ransom demanded for
him, and defrayed his expenses to France.
During the hardships of a new colony, in a foreign land,
the French-Dutch settlers of New Amsterdam still practiced
the amenities of life, and never forgot in distress or pros-
perity, that they sprang from the most polished nation in
the world. A pen picture of the households and homes of
our Holland ancestors, the Huguenots in America at New
Netherlands, has much the same description everywhere,
the Hollander and his son and his son's son af»;er him for
all generations. The floor about him strewn with clean
sand, swept in curves and figures ; the room scrupulously
clean with frequent scourings ; in his hand a long clay
pipe ; within the living room, the settle and straight-
The Rappltye Family, 107
backed leather chair, the great glass-doored cupboard for
delf-tand plate, the huge lineD chest, the ponderous cur-
tained bed shut into its alcove or closet, replaced in poorer
houses by the mere bunk along the wall — all, recalled the
furniture of Holland, from whence indeed, most of it bad
The garden was filled with hyacinths, tulips and pinks,
over the Dutch gable of this house swung the traditional
weather-cock, the porch or stoop had its benches where the
family collected on summer evenings. Hospitality was
boundless. With hard work of every day life, was mingled
a good deal of jovial festivity. In the winter were quaint
tea parties, for the elderly people, and balls for both young
and old, at the town tavern, called the •* Stadts Huys,"
even the staid city and provincial officials had their times
of unbending, from five in the afternoon, until the watch
made the rounds at nine o'clock, warning all to go home.
Families other than Dutch, for at this date, 1669, many
English had located in the colonies, and as often as twice
a week, had constant meetings at each other's houses, in
turns. There were out-door sports in the day time on the
snow and ice. If they had not the canals of Holland,
New Amsterdam was a place of ponds and the undisturbed
108 The RappUyt Family.
waters of the two rivers and bay, were no doubt, much
oftener covered with solid ice than now. It was admira-
ble, says the chaplain of the fort, to see men and women
flying, as it were, upon their skates from place to place,
with markets upon their heads and backs.
In the summer were excursions to gather peaches and
strawberries. The trees of the village were literally
borne down with fruit and the ground covered with those
that had fallen: as for strawberries, the fields and woods
on Long Island, were crimson with them, and the country
people armed with bottles, measures of wine, cream and
sugar, would wend their way to the fields, some on foot,
and some on horseback, with their wives behind them; and
there remain, till the vines were stripped of their I'lscious
Contrasting the simplicity, the contentment, the easy-
going industry, and the love of harmless amusement in
these Dutch communities, with the restless character
which belonged to the Southern Colonies, and the bitter
theological and political controversies which shook those
of New England, it is plain that New Amsterdam must
have been, at this time, the happiest, though not the most
prosperous of the colonies of the new world.
The Rappleye Family. 109
'On June 16, 1639, Joris J^nssen de Rapalj6, bought
from the Indians 336 acres of land called Rennagaconck,
now that part of Brooklyn comprehending the land occu-
pied by the Marine Hospital. Here he settled down for
the balance of his life. He became a prominent citizen.
holding positions of trust and power, and his name is re-
corded as among the magistrates of Brooklyn. He died
soon after the Dutch were superseded by the English in
the colony, about the year 1661.
By his wife, Catalyntje, daughter of Joris Frisco, of
Paris, M. de Rapaljd had eleven children, to wit: Sarah,
the first white child born in the colony, June 9, 1625 ;
Marretje, born 1627 ; Jannetje, born 1629 ; Judith, born
1635 ; Jan, born 1637 ; Jacob, born 1639; Catelyntje, born
1641 ; Jeronemus, born 1643 ; Annetje, born 1646 ; Eliza-
beth, born 1648, and Daniel, born Dec. 29, 1652.
Jeronemus de Rappleye, the eighth child, was born
June 27, 1643, and married Anna, daughter of Teunis
Denyse. Like his father, he occupied prominent posi-
tions in the colony, and was at one time a justice of the
peace, and deacon in the Brooklyn Church.
Teunis, one of his sons, born May 5, 1671, married
Sarah Van Vechten. They left several children, to wit :
Tht RappUyt Family, 111
Jeromus, Derrick or Richard, George, Teunis, Folkert»
Jane and Sarah. Jeromus and Richard settled in that
part of New Netherlands which, in 1673, embraced "Achter
Cul," (now New Jersey), New Orange, Maryland, and all
the sea-coast from Massachusetts to New Jersey.
The colonists of New Jersey had no need to complain
of lack of progress and prosperity in the new colony
during the first few years after it came into their posses-
sion. The established government was acceptable to the
people; the climate was good and the soil productive; the
proximity of older colonies made it easy to supply the
wants of the settlers, and exempted them from the extreme
privations and hardships which necessarily attended a
settlement in an isolated wilderness.
Accounts of their prosperity spread to England and
brought emigrants to the new colony. The discontented,
and more enterprising in the New England colonies,
desirous of more room, as well as restless for political and
religion*: freedom, believed that they could better their
condition by a removal to the new province.
Towns, in consequence, sprung up rapidly; and the
axe and the plow encroached upon the primeval foiest and
the virgin soil.
112 The Rappleye Family,
A vigorous, well balaDced race, energetic and social,
made of these numerous Huguenots, a people whooa other
nationalities honored, respected and admired.
Middlesex county, the locality of the Rappleyes, was
fast becoming the center of civilization and intelligence.
The inherited virtue of desire and ambition to acquire
knowledge stimulated them to efforts beyond the comprr*-
hension of many of their sturdier neighbors; ever loyal to
Che principles of right and truth, careful of infringing upon
the rights of others, they lived in peace and happiness in
their families and the community at large.
A printing press was cet up in 1683. From the time ol
the first settlement of New Netherlands it was seventy years
before any book or paper was printed there.*
The progress of the country was beyond conception,
likewise the growth and development of these well-disci-
plined ancestral families, faithful to the lawful government,
they watched with fearful apprehension the encroachments
of England upon the legal birthrights of the Colonies. Her
oft-repeated usurpation of colonial authority, the promulga-
*The first book printed in America was in 1640, the first pamphlet
printed was an almanac in 1U39, and in lU3tJ the first school in America
was opened in Cambridge, and subsequently named Harvard College.
The Rappleye Family. lit
tion of neiw and wicked restrictions limiting the well-regu-
lated and accepted customs of the people; these, with many
other unlawful antagonisms, were assertedwith presumptive
and overbearing insolence; petitions denied or defied, tax-
ation without representation enforced, was the culmination.
Reluctantly and anxiously they awaited the crisis of long
deferred and long hoped for redress. Their souls were
fired with indignant protest, becoming and appropriate to
a patriot devoted to the welfare of one's country, actuated
by the laws of inalienable rights, they resented in terms
and acts not to be misunderstood. Heroically and nobly,
amid painful and overwhelming odds, trusting in God and
the justness of their cause, they voluntarily shouldered
their muskets and bade adieu to their loved ones and
home, marching to battle for liberty or death.
The struggle for freedom from unjust taxation and
merciless cruel exactions of intolerant England, called the
war of the "American Revolution," lasted for years. Its
cause, continuation and end, is familiar history.
Our noble ancestors, armed and equipped with the
principles of right, the invincible panoply of the daring
and successful soldier, fought courageously through sacri-
fices, untold sufierings, unheard of and unbearable priva-
lU The RappUyt Family,
tions without complaint, as good soldiers, whose faces were
set toward independence of old England.
Jeromus, the oldest son of Teunis and Sarah Van
Vechten, married Altie Van Courtlandt Van Arsdalen,
daughter of Cornelis, September 19, 1719. He settled in
New Brunswick, N. J., where he died in 1776, leaving issue:
Cornelis, Teunis and Sarah,
Derrick, or Richard Rappleye, son of Teunis and Sarah
Van Vechten, who, with his brother, Jeromus, had settled in
New Brunswick and prospered, married Aultie , and
when he died, during the Revolutionary War, he left two
sons, George and Jeromus.
Sarah, daughter of George Rappleye, born February 3,
1767, married George Onderdonck, a name well known ia
many States of the Union. *
Jacobus, familiarly called Gedoke, son of Jeromus and
sixth in lineal descent from Joris Janssen de Raplej^,* was
born in 1743 and lived in New Brunswick, Middlesex
county, New Jersey. He was a merchant, kept a store and
had a large house on the site where now stands a fine
•Mrs. Polly Ann Almy Miller is eighth in lineal descent. Vol. X.,
p. 60, "American Ancestry" (Munsells').
The RappUyt Family. 115
Id 1775, when the war of the American Revolution broke
out, he enlisted in the New Jresey militia and served as asol*
dier during the struggle. He placed his spacious house at the
disposal of the continental forces and it was used as head-
quarters for the Revolutionary army and by the troops under
At the close of the war, Jacobus Rappleye, like many
other patriots who had faithfully served their country,
found himself almost impoverished ; his business had
been neglected and destroyed. He eventually disposed
of his property, including a farm and the site of the old
fort on the banks of the Raritau River, and in 1797, with
his family, emigrated to the " far west," which was then
Central New York, now Seneca County.
"Just 100 years ago," says the Watkins (New York)
Dtmocrat, " all the land west of the Genesee river in this
State was sold to a syndicate of Hollanders for |100,000.
There were only about 4,000,000 acres of it, and it seemed
a trifle high at twelve and one-half cents an acre to the
men who bought it. It is now worth hundreds of millions."
Mr. Jacobus Rappleye, must have been one of the pur-
chasers of a small portion of that land.
In 1796, accompanied by his son. Tennis, and several
116 The Rappltye Family,
sons-in-law, Jacobus Rappleye explored the picturesque
country lying between Seneca and Cayuga lakes, selected
the site of his future home, built a snug log cabin in the
primeval forest, and arranged for the transportation of hia
family. In the following year, 1797, they started from
New Brunswick to New York in the flat boats or bateaux j
thence up the North River and the Hudson to Albany ;
then over land to Schenectady, where they again launched
their bateaux on the Mohawk and glided along to Fort
Stanwix (Rome). Here they wei? again obliged to carry
their boats overland until Wood's Creek, now called Fish
Creek, was reached, when they embarked once more, float-
ing along until they entered Oneida Lake, then across the
lake and down the Oswego River to what is known as
Three Sisters Point. Thence, proceeding up Seneca
River, to Cayuga Lake, and on that lake for a distance of
twenty miles, they landed on the west shore near what is
now called Morehouse Landing; here, they disembarked
upon a firm, flat rock, for many years known as " Rap-
pley's Landing," and which, unmoved by time or tide,
rests as firm in its watery bed as it did when, a century
ago, Jacobus Rappleye with his wife and twelve children
landed upon it.
The RappUye Family. lit
Then with sledges, improvised from felled trees with
the bark removed, and drawn by oxen, they slowly moved
two miles island, cutting their way through the dense forest.
The journey had consumed thirty-five days at a cost of a
about one pound sterling per day, and is proof of the
many difficulties which had to be encountered before Mr.
Rappleye could reach the spot which he had selected for
his future home. Then the sturdy father and sons went
to work. They cut down the mighty forest, and by their
labor cleared the way for future generations, and for their
own prosperity. 1
\yc^^ Jacobus Rappleye married Sarah Williamson; they had
^ twelve children, six sons and six daughters. He died Oc-
tober 27, 1827, at the age of eighty-four.* His wife, Sarah,
died fourteen years previously. Six sons and five daugh-
ters and ninety-eight grandchildren survived him.
Of his children, Charity was married three times;
* ' 'A geauine bronze marker and tablet, (such as was officially adopted
by the National Society of the Sods of the American Revolution, for
designating the graves of Revolutionary soldiers,) was recently furnished
by C. K. Miller and placed by Hudson Rappleye, (a descendant,) over
the grave of Jacobus Rappleye in the Lake View Cemetery, Fanner,
N. Y. The inscription, in raised bronze letters, on the tablet is: "The
grave of Jacobus Rappleyea — a soldier in the Revolutionary War, New
Jersey Militia." — Farmer Review, April, 1895.
118 The Rappltye Family.
first, to Springer, then to Demelt and lastly to Vandyke,
and had sis children. Lucretia married Mr. Gruandyke
and had six children. Sallie married James Colgrove, and
had thirteen children. Polly married Tobias Boudinot, in
New Jersey, and had three or four children. Auly mar-
ried Reuben Updyke, and had nine children. Teunis,
the eldest son, married Catherine Schneider, and had
seven children. William married Barbara Swich and had
thirteen children. Peter married Mary Covert, and had
nine children. John married Peggy Tyler and had seven
children. Nicholas married Lucy Larraway, and had ten
children. Jeremiah married Sarah Benjamin and had
five children. Jane, the youngest child, married Samuel
Almy, November 1, 1801, and had nine children.
John Rappleye, son of Jacobus and Sarah Williamson
served in the war of 1812, and had no less than seven bul-
let holes in his body. One was through the wrist and one
he carried in his hip and was thereafter crippled.
Some of the works from which this genealogical sketch
has been made, Riker's Annals of Newtown, N. Y. ; Ber-
gen's Kings County, N. Y., Early Settlers ; Holgate's
American Genealogy, and Prime's History of Long Island,
all testify to the longevity of the Rappleye family.
Th« Raf>pleye Family. ' 11»
In New Brunswick, N. J., there still lives [1604,] Mrs.
Margaret Rappleyea at the age of 106. In the same town
lives the widow of Andrew Rappleyea, in whose possession
is a bible printed in London in 1625. The printing
is in Italic and old English black letter and is still very
clear and distinct, testifying to the excellent quality of
the ink and paper used in those days. In 1690 and for
some years after the bible belonged in the family of Fran-
cis \Vilson, the birth of several children being recorded
from 1690 to 1699. "On the fly-leaf of the bible was in-
scribed : "This is the property of Richard Rappleye."
This Richard must have been Derrick, the father of
George and Jeromus and a son of Teunis and Sarah Van
Mary Lindley, wife of Robert Murray, a near relative
of the Rappleye family, figures in history as one of the
strategists of Revolutionary times. During the attack on
New York, as the British drew near the house on Ingle-
berg, as Murray Hill was then called, Howe and his offi-
cers ordered a halt. Mrs. Murray invited them to lunch-
eon, and so entertained them with the excellence of her
viands, old Madeira, and the good humor with which she
parried the officers' jests at her sympathy with the rebels.
120 The RappUye Family.
that she whiled away two hours or more of their time, and
Putnam's division was enabled to retreat in good order,
and every American soldier of that regiment was saved.
Maj. Daniel de Rapalje, son of Johannes, and fifth
in direct line from Joris Janssen, was born in 1748. He
married Agnes, daughter of Johannes Bergen, on April 29,
1770, and died at New Lots, L. I., in 1796, leaving issue
— John, Daniel, Simon and Michael. Maj. Daniel Rap-
alje* served in the war of the Revolution, and his marriage
license, still preserved, was issued by the Hon. Cadwal-
lader Cobden, H. M. lieutenant governor and com-
mander-in-chief of the province of New York, and is
dated on the nineteenth day of April, 1770.
The following communication was printed in the Ovid
(N. Y.) Weekly Bee, August 6, 1858 :
"Peter Rappleye, of Farmerville, [third brother of Mrs. Jane Rap-
pleye-Almy, wife of Samuel Almy,] was bora at Peno's Neck, N. J.,
*Mrs, Eliza Williamson (New Lots Road) Brooklyn N. Y., a great-
Krandd?.ugbter of Maj. de Rapalje, states in her letter of Dec. 14, 1892;
that she has a portion of the silk sash worn by him, while serving in the
The RappUye Family. 121
February 22, 1776; vUited this tectioD, (Farmenrille,) io the tpriof of
1795; raturoed here to reside permaneotly in spring of 1797. In No>
vember, 1799, purchased same farm he occupied at his death. Left
seven children, thirty-three grandchildren and nineteen great-grand-
children living. Served as magistrate in several town offices, with equal
credit to himself and advantage to the public, with unwavering tenacity
in the discbarge of his duty. He was an ardent friend to the church, an
elder and a member for half a century, one of the active organizers and
member of the building committee of Reformed Dutch Church of
Farmerville, and was one of our most substantial and esteemed neighbors,
friend and citizen. Indeed, there is perhaps no other man in our vicin-
ity, who is so entirely deserving a place in our hearts as he. Was always
ready to extend the hospitable band at bis door, generous, obliging and
reliable, never leaving us after calling us friend, though all the world
should forsake us. Never leaving us except when be became convinced,
not by hearsay, that vender of slander and falsehood, but by ocular
proof, that we are not worthy of regard.
He took for bis guide the bible alone. For truthfulness, honesty
and integrity, bis life was a model worthy of the consideration of all.
He was of a strong, firm and decidsd temperament. Many came to him
for counsel and advice."
The RappUye Family.
History of F«rmerville. — From the Rochester, N. Y.,
Daily Post- Expreis, November 9, 1896:
"It is true, no village of its size has progressed more rapidly witbia
the past twenty-five years than has Farmer; is delightfully situated in the
northern part of the town of Covert, on the Ithaca branch of the Le-
high Valley railroad, almost half way between Ithaca and Geneva and
two and one-half miles west of Cayuga lake, a sheet of water that ii
noted for its purity, and along its shores for its unsurpassed scenery.
The village, which has about 1,000 inhabitants, is made up of a class of
men who thoroughly believe in enterprise and advancement, men who do
their part toward making the place what it is to-day — one of the wide-
awake villages in this part of the State. It is the fourth important vil-
lage between Rochester and Sayre and is located in what is known as
the best grain and fruit growing region in the world. The finest or-
chards and vineyards, and the best laid out and well cultivated farms in
the county are observed in the" vicinity; no one will deny this fact. The
village is well drained, and the streets are well laid out, dotted with
finely developed shade trees and on which are seen many of the iineit
residences and business blocks to be found in this part of the Empiro
State. The visitor is pleased with the place at first glance, owing to its
attractive appearance. The village, too, is noted for its history. It has
been in existence about 100 years; and it is really surprising to note the
changes for the better that have been made within the past quarter of a
cet tury. There are a few of the older inhabitants now living who can
remember when this place was hardly recognized by the outside world.
But now its name is often quoted by our leading dailies and men of
prominence throughout this great country. Farmer has sent forth, con-
The Rappleyt Family. 123
■idering the aite of the place, her ibure of men who have bees promi-
nent in the variooi a£Faira and avenues of life.
What woDld our grandfathers who cat their grain with the sickle
and oar grandmothers who span flax and wool, have to say if thejcoald
only see the progress that has been made in Seneca coantj within the
past fifty years ? Indeed they would be surprised to note the develop-
ment in this village. The steam cars have taken the place of the stage
coach; the mower, reaper and twine binder and com harvester have
taken the place of the sickle, grain cradle and corn cutter, the grain
drill the place of sowing grain; and many other improvements in tilling
the soil. The telegraph, the telephone, phonograph and kinetoscope
have all been introduced since the pioneers of this county opened ap
Tunis S. Rappleye, born July 8, 1805 (son of William, who came
here in 1707), is the oldest man in Seneca county, having reached the ad-
vanced age of ninety years. He well remembers the war of 1812, and
can tell many things that transpired at that time. The first white set-
tlers were William and Peter Rappleye. When they came to the place
it was a wilderness inhabited by Indians, bears, deer, wolves and wild
game of all kinds.
The names of Almy, Wheeler and Covert have long been identified
with the town. The oldest frame dwelling in the county was erected in
1800. The first hotel was built by Jacobus Rappleye a (cousin of
Tunis S.) about 1823. Job Almy kept the first store. The first post-
master and justice of the peace was Peter Rappleye. Among the
names of the oldest merchants were Almy & Rappleye, Almy k.
Green, Butts & Rappleye, Almy & Ryno, J. B. Almy. Mr. Rappleye is
124 The RappUye Family,
a Republican in politics, bis memory is good and b« it an interesting
conversationalist. The name of the village was first called Farmer-
ville, and changed to Farmer Village in 1863, after which, in 1892, was
given its present name of Farmer."
An association known as the " Rappleye and Raplee
Family," organized June 18, 1880, at Farmerville, New
York, holds regular annual reunions in different parts of the
State. On the list of eighteen officers, appears the name
of Hudson Rappleye, as president, Miles W. Raplee,
treasurer, Dundee, and Mrs. R. Vosburg, historian,
Dundee, N. Y.
"Jacques Rapalje (New York) was captain of Losher's
regiment. New York Militia, from July 1776, to January
1777. [From Historical Register of Officers of Continen-
tal Army. By B. F. Heitman Washington, 1893.]
"Hudson, Long Island, the Connecticut River, Black
Island, Naragansett Bay and all the shore along which
Capt. Block had sailed, was called New Nethcrland by the
The Rappleye Family. 185
Dutch Commercial Company, at Hague, in Holland, Octo-
ber 11, 1614."— Extract from Records.
<< In 1623, people callinf; themselves "Walloons" came
from Holland. Through the influence of the West Indies
Company, a great and powerful corporation, whose capital
was two and a half million dollars, which in time, from
having captured Spanish ships, laden with gold, silver,
etc., was increased to six millions." — Extract from Records.
" The ship New Netherlands, commanded by Cornells
Mey, came in the spring of 1623. [Mey was also com-
mander of the ship Unity, the same year.] The first boat
brought thirty families of Walloons from Holland. The
ship entered Hudson River. Eight families landed on
Manhattan, some of them went up the river and built a
new fort at Albany, which they named Fort Orange. In
midsummer more Walloons came to Manhattan. Some of
them became Patroons, or Feudal chiefs." — Extract from
"In August 1641, William Kieft, governor of New
Netherlands, representing the West India Company,
126 Th« Rappleye Family,
called the men of Manhattan together, and chose twelve
to consult with the governor. This was the beginning of Rep-
resentative government in /Imeriea." (Joris J. DeRapalj6, was
one of these twelve men representing the New Netherlands,
in 1641.] Extract from "Early Settlers of Kings County,"
Bergen, p. 234, 1881. Also pp. 37 and 38, Peter Stuyve-
sant, by Bayard Tuckerman, 1893, contains the names of the
twelve men elected ; amon^ whom is George [Joris]
Rapaljd. Mr. Tuckerman says, " The Dutch wrote very
little, and on the whole their records are meager." He
derives considerable of his information from the two vol-
umes of Holland documents, published by the State of
New York and the proceedings of the burgomasters and
Bchepens of Manhattan Island. i
The "Story of Liberty" [Harper Bros.], p. 216, says:
"It was Francis I. who erected oa the field of the cloth of gold, [at
Dover, England,] late in the spring of 152U, a grand pavilion covered
with cloth of gold, lined with blue velvet and studded with silver start
in which Henry VIII. of England, Charles of Spain and Francis took
part in the tournament on June 11." GaspardColet De Rapalj^ was fif-
teen years of age at the time of this event.
/l>iJ, page 283 :
"About the year 1543, in the reign of Francis I. at Megux, in France,
The Rappleyt Family. lit
one day > man came bringing a bible, (translated into the Freach
language). He preached faithfully and told the people that they mnat
repent of their wrong doing and live rigbteoasly. In a short time the
place became one of the most orderly in France. After the work of the
day was over, they held prayer meetings. The new religion began to
spread. According to decrees it was a crime to read the bible. Priests
called them heretics for staying away from mass, reading the bible and
worshiping God in their own way. Printing presses were at work,
copies were supplied which the people read secretly and so the new re-
ligion got a foothold all over the kingdom.
Those who accept the new faith, sing psalms; those who laagh at
them for being so religious call them Huguons (people who sing in th«
streets). They soon are known as Huguenots. In time the Huguenots
became a political party. One quarter of the people of France were
Huguenots. Admiral Coligny, of the French army, was their leader.
Charles IX. was king, his mother, Catherine de Medici planned,
and the Cardinal of Loraine issued a command for the extermination of
the Huguenots, many of whom had come to Paris and were among the
noblest men in the kingdom. At the massacre of St. Bartholomew 200
of these nobles were slain in the court yard of the Louvre, and Admiral
I Coligny killed in his own room. Henry of Navarre was seized, but
subsequently became King Henry IV. and publicly abjured the Hugue-
The following extracts are from '• Riker's Annals of
Newtown, in Queen County, New York; Its History from
Its First Settlement." By James Riker, Jr., New York.
128 The RappUye Family.
Published by D. Fanshaw, 108 Nassau Street, 1862,
"The Rappleyo Family— Its Genealogical History." This nu-
merous and reputable family is desceaded from that of de Rapa-
li^, which, as early as the eleventh century, possessed large estates ia
Bretagne, and ranked among the "arrifere-ban " of the French nobility.
Some of its members were distinguished as military leaders in the Cru-
sades; others were celebrated for political eminence and professional
But in the religious wars of the sixteenth century, being known as
Protestants, they became the victims of papal animosity and were scat-
tered and expelled from France. The family subsequently gained
prominence in Switzerland and Belgium, where they acquired large pos-
sessions and continue to the present time. Their ancient coat-of-arms,
[-see p. 91,] is intended to represent the noble birth and origin of the
family and their reputation for firmness and fidelity.
Joris Janssen de Rapali^, one of the proscribed Huguenot race, from
■"Rocbelle in France," was the common ancestor of all the American
families of this name. He came to this country in 1623 in the ship Unity
and settled at Fori Orange, now Albany, where he continued three years.
In 1626 he removed to New Amsterdam and resided there till after the
birth of his youngest child. On June 16, 1G37, he bought from the Indians a
tract of land, computed at three hundred and thirty five acres, called Ren-
negaconck, now included within the town of Brooklyn and comprehending
the land occupied by the United States Marine Hospital." [Vide p. 234,
■"Early Settlers of Kings County, Long Island, New York." By Teunis
The RappUye Family. 129
G. Bergen, 1881, New York.] " Herede Rapalje finally located and tpeot
the remainder of his life. He wa« a leading citizen, acted a piomincnt
part in the public affairs of the colony, and served in the magistracy of
Brooklyn (1655-02). He died soon after the Dutch administration, his
widow, Catalyntie, daughter of Joris Frisco, surviving him many years.
She was bprn in Paris, France, and died September 11, 1689, aged
Their chronology as taken from the original family record pre-
served in the New York Historical Society, were as follows, to wit :
"* * * Jacob, sixth child, born May 28. 1639, was killed by
the Indians. Jeronimus (eighth child), born June 27, 1643."
Ibid, p. 268.
"Sara Rapali6, daughter of Joris Janssen Rapali^ and his wife,
Catalyntie, born June 9, 1625. Sara married Hans Hansse Bergen [first]
and Teunis Yejsberts Bogart [second]. This lady was the first bom
Christian daughter in New Netherlands [vide p. 102. this edition].
In honor of this the Dutch authorities presented her Mri.h a tract of
land at Wallabout. This circumstance has probably given rise to the
belief that she was born at the latter place, but the statement in the
text (based upon New York documentary history. Vol. III., p. 50. and
other records) show that her parents were living in Albany at the time
of her birth. Her parents subsequently settled at the Wallabout. Her
lineal descendants are numerous, include the Pohlemns family, the
Bergens of Kings county, and part of the Bogart family,"
[Among the list of twerty-five directors (1894) of the Ixing Island
Historical Society, Brooklyn N. Y., is the name of Henry D. Pohlemns.]
130 The Rappleye Family.
Extracts from American Genealogy. By Jerome B.
Holgate, A. M., Albany, N. Y., 1848, page 17: •
"The elder brother [of Joris J. de Rapalje], William Jansiea
de Rapali^, (sometimes called the chevalier) in consequence of
the disappointment, [disappointed in love] which afflicted him deeply,
determined to emigrate to America; and having his brother, George,
(Joris) to accompany him, be set sail in 1023 with Peter Minuit, a direc-
tor for the West India Company, in the ship of Capt. May. William
never married; died in 1631 [at the house of his brother, A. J. Van Sa-
Ibidf page 18 :
"Near the navy yard in Brooklyn was built the first house on Long
Island, inhabited by Joris Janssen de Rapaljt^, one of the first white set*
tiers of Ix)ng Island. This house was made of logs in the usual primitive
style, a story and a half high, with one room on the ground floor, appro-
priated as parlor, kitchen and bedroom, and curtain screens were used
Ibid, page 20 :
" Jane de Rapalj^, *ascinated with gold lace and epaulets, at the sweet
age of seventeen eloped with a British ofificer and was married by the
Rev. Mr. Walters, of Trinity Church, New York. Thii; officer's name
was Edwaid Goldstone Lutwyche. He was colonel of a regiment ia
New Hampshire in 17G1. He owned a fine farm pleasantly situated on
the banks of the Merrimack."
Ibid, page 17 :
" Breckie de Rapalj^ married her cousin, Victor Honorius Jaossen, ia
Th* RappUyt Family. ISl
1&69, by whom ibe bad one too, Abram Jaosaen, who it said to bare beea a
historical painter of cou^iderable eminence.
Abram Janssen, married June 18, 1694, adaugbterof Hans Lodewyck.
of Amsterdam, by wbom be bid three soiii, viz.: William Janssen d«
Rapalje, Jorit Janssen dt Rapalji and Antonine Van Salers;*, to called
from the circumstance of inberiting property left bim by one of his
grandfather's relations, who resided at Salers, a town of France, ia
Ibid, page 17 :
"Abram Janssen, an excellent artist, was born in Antwerp in 1569.
With a wonderful genius for painting, in his yontb be ezecnted some
pieces which set bim above all the young painters -of his time, bat
enamored of a young woman at Antwerp, whom be obtained in mar-
riage, be gave himself up to a dissipated course of life, which soon im-
poverished him and his temper.
He grew jealous of Rubens and sent a challenge to that painter.
with a list of the names of such persons as were to decide the matter, so
toon as their respective works should be finished ; but Kubens, instead
of accepting the challenge, assumed that be willingly yielded bim the
preference, leaving the public to do them justice.
There are some of Janssen's works in the churches at Antwerp. (A
portrait by this distinguished artist, can be seen in the Catherine Wolfe
collection at the Metropolitan Art Gallery, Central Park, New York. —
•Peter Stuyvesant (by Tuckerman), p. 29, says: "The settlement
of Gravesend, [Long Island], was begun by a Huguenot named Anthony
Salee, [Antoine Van Salers], who obtained 200 acres opposite Coney
132 The Rappleye Family,
Compiler.) Ha painted a desceDt from the croM for the great Church
of Boisle Due, which has been taken for a piece of Rubens, and it
thought no ways inferior to any of the works of that great painter, hut
bis chief work is the resurrection of Lazarus in the DUsseldorf gallery,"
Ibid, page 17:
"Gaspard Colet d^ Rapaly^ was bom in France at Ch&tillon Sur
Loire, in 1505. He was made a colonel of infantry on December 23,
1545. He became a Protestant in 1548, and when the king (Henry II.)
began to enforce the edicts issued against all of the Protestants be
was deprived of his command a.id compelled to flee to Holland. Here he
married the daughter of Victor Antoine Janssen, an historical and scenic
painter of art, by whom be had three children, vii. : Gaspard, Abram
Colet, and a daughter named Breckje. She married her cousin, Victor
Honorius Janssen, in 1569, by whom she had one son, Abram Janssen,
who is said to have been an historical painter of considerable eminence."
In addition to the authorities consulted and acknowl-
edged in the preceding pages of this book, the following
named should be included : [Compiler.]
" Mills' History of the Crusades," " Keightley's Crusades," " Rec-
ords of Colonists to America During 1600," " Records of United Colo-
nists " (Hazard, Vol. II.), "Arnold's History of Rhode Island," "His-
tory — Troubles with the Indians," (Increase Mather), " Hubbard's
Indian Wars," "Anne Rowland's Captivity," "State of New England
and other Tracts" (reprinted by Drake, 1833-38), " History of English
Colonists in America" (H. Cabot Lodge), "Bancroft's History of the
United States," "Life of John Winthrop."
Almjr, Andry, 13, M
—AanU (Ann), 1116
Auguitus, C. Lleat., 87
Albert, Curtli, Prol., 60
Benjamin, 41 <fi, 47, 71, O, 87
Bradford, Judge, 67
-Christopher, 12, 17, la 20, 23, X, 48,
76. «). 81
-Catharine, 14, 24, 32
-Calista B., 50
-Charles G., 37
-Charles, Judge, 68
-Elmer Eugene, 66
-Francis. 68 -
-Ira, 50, 51
-Job, 14. 18. 20, 22. 34, 88, 8i 86, 86, 48,
61, 75. 81. 86
-John, 14, 22, 23, 24, 37, 46, 81, 84, 86
-John. Cr pt, Battle o( tba P«u Flald,
Almy, Joha Jay. Rmt Aaminl,!}. », Hi W
James G., Oa 69
John Winthrop, 70
— — Langworthy, 78
Leonard B., Lient-CoL, •
Mary Gonid, 47, 83, 89
Milton Genoa, 60b 6S
Miles, 63, 64
Polly Ann, 61
Philip Greene, 64
Samuel. 26. 48, 60, 88
Samuel E., 26
Sarah, 37. 80
Thomas Coggethall, 71
William, Sr., », U. 13. IIIC IBw 81
William. 32, 38, 39. 46. 701 91 7B
William E., Lieut. 17
Willey Henry. 66
William M., 74
Adams, Jo«epb, 04
Aocevioe, Harry Otburo, 66
Androa, Edmund, Sir., Gov., (incideDl)
la, 22, 80
Arnold, Benedict. (incideDt) 23
Bull, Hnnry, Gov.,19, 76
Bartlett, William E., U
Frederick VV., 66
Harry Almy. 56
.. - George C, 56
Bonaparte, Jerome N., (incidtmt) 17
Bordea, Richard, 76
Clarke, Walter, Governor, 19, 76, 80, (U
'V *Casey. Thomas Lincoln, Brig Gen., 16, 17
Cabot, Samuel, Dr., 68
Channing, William Ellery, Rev., 83
Cornell, Elizabeth, 17
Coggesball, Ttiomas, 86
John, 19, 76
Henry, Doctor, 81, 86
Church, Benjamin, Ccpt., 2i, as
Crane, Samuel, Rev., 59
Curtis. Gertrude 54
Eilery, Aostice, Wi, S6, 46, 84
Benjamin, Hon., 33, 36
Conrad C. , 36, 44. 46, 86, 88
Edmund Trowbridge, 36, 46, 88
Henrietta C . 80
William, 38, 86, 4/, 84
Franklin, Beujaiiiin (incident) 46
Filon, Michael. G5, 66
Greene, John, 16, 16
Nathaniel, Gen., 15. S]
Gifiord, Ambrose, Sir, 78
Gardner, Charles K., Col., 37
Cillett, Moses, B., Doctor, 64
CalltUo. RoU( H, 80
Haines, Joho C, Lieut, 87
Hayes, Ratberford B., Gen., (Incident), 87,
Hutchison. B. B., 64
Jenkins, Anna Almy, 89, 78
Knapp, Horace J., 6!)
Miller, Y. Woodhull. 60
James Almy, 60, 62
Claries Kingsbury, 60, 68, 66
Jernie Eva, 60, 63
Arlowe Kingsbury, 64
Lorii Almy, 64
Osburn, Mary B., 64
Quaker, origin of name, 13
Raymond, Edward S., 74
Sanford, Peleg, Gov., 78, 80, 81
Slocum, Joanna, 17, 81
Stewart, Sarah Louise, 66
Swift, Charles E., Doctor, 68
Scott, Wintield, Gen, (incident) U
Smith, E. Sanford. Judge, 66
William, 63 .
Tattersall, Joan, 16
Tillinghast, Lydia. 48
ThompHon, Bridget Almy, 34
Turner, Henry E., Doctor, 19, 78
Unthank Christopher, 23
Van 2andt, Gov., (iQcident) 4S
W(st. Bartholomew, 16, 83, 76
Winthrop, John, (incident) 13
Washington, Geo. Gen, (incident) 8B, tf,
65, '77, 82, 88
Willard, Frances E. (incident) 67, 06
Winterstein, Jacob D., 68
Franklin P., 69 . '
Wilcox, Sarah, 63
Winslow, Jusiah, Gov., (incident) 18
Abrain Colai. lU
Br6clij«, 97, ISO
-Dmlel. Mijor, Xii
Gaipard, Colot. Col., U, SB, ITI. 100.
Jorls JantMD, 100. 101, UM. IW, Hi.
128. l!W. 128, 129. lao
Jacquet, Capt., 124
Sarah, 101, 106, 129
William Jantiea, Chevalier, UU
Rapalyd, Sarah (firit white child born iu
New Netherland) 101, 106, 129
Rapalle, Anoije, lU*
Jacob, 109, 128
— — Jeronemui, 109.128
Haplee, Mile* 124
Rappleyea, Andrew, 119
Rappleye, Auly, 118
-. Georfce, 114
Hudson, 117, 124
Jacobus, 48, 114 10 U7, 138
Jane. 118 '
P^Appley*. PoUjr, lU
Peter, 118. UOk Ui
William. 88, lia UI
Almy, j. B., 123
Bergen, Han» Haaaes, MB, Ut
Bogart, , 102, 126
Bogaert, Tennis G., Id
Boudinot, Tobias, 118
Benjamin, Sarah, 118
Cobden, Cadwallandcr, Hoa., Ut
Colgrove, James, 118
Covert. Mary, 118
Demelt, , 118
Oenyse, Teunis. 106, 111
Jeromns, 111, 114
Derrick (Richard). 111. Ul U>
George, 111, 114
Ft;»co, Joris, 100, 106
Graundyke, , 118
Howe, Gen., (incident) lit
Hugienot, origin of aasM. Ul
Janssen, Abram (Artist) 97, UD, IB
Victor Antoine (Historical Ftiwr)
KJtft Gov.. UB
Lutw7cb«, Edwari C, Col., ISO
Lodewyck, Hans, 190
Lindloy, M«ry. 119
Lairaway, Lacy. 118
Minuit. Peter, 106, m
Murray, Roberl, 119
Miller, Charles K., 117
Polly Ann Aliny, lU
Mey, Coraelii, Capt., 100, 1;K, U9
UoiterdoQck, George, 114
Polhemus, . lUi 129
Kubeos, Flemish painter, (iocideot) Ul
Salee, Anibooy, 1%)
Swicb, tt«rb«ra, 118
Sohaieiiar. CtthariiM, 118
Springer, , IIH
Tyler. Peggy. 118
Updyke. Reuben. 118 •
Van Salert. Anthony, 180
Votburg, R., m
Van Dyke, , 118
Van Vecbten, Sarah, lOU, 119
Van Aridalen. Van Courtland. Altla. 114
Wolfe, Catbarlna (Art Collection), iaci-
Williamton. Elixa. IW